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Verkäufer: checkoutmyunqiuefunitems ✉️ (4.132) 99.9%, Artikelstandort: Manchester, Take a look at my other items, GB, Versand nach: WORLDWIDE, Artikelnummer: 276538778296 Madonna Gold Silver Coin Music Signed Like a Virgin Britney Lesbian Kiss LGBTQ+. She tapped into that idea for her greatest song, the 1989 gospel-disco smash "Like a Prayer.". When Madonna testifies, "I'm down on my knees/I wanna take you there," she could be singing about praying or oral sex or – most likely – both. Madonna Queen of Pop Coin Uncirculated Silver & Gold Plated Commemoration Coin Has an image of Madonna with her signature and the words "Queen of Pop" The other side has an image of her famous lesbian kiss with Britney Spears at the 2003 MTV Awards The coin is 40mm in diameter, weighs about 1 oz Complete air-tight acrylic coin holder Deluxe Coin Jewel Case. 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I have sold items to coutries such as Afghanistan * Albania * Algeria * American Samoa (US) * Andorra * Angola * Anguilla (GB) * Antigua and Barbuda * Argentina * Armenia * Aruba (NL) * Australia * Austria * Azerbaijan * Bahamas * Bahrain * Bangladesh * Barbados * Belarus * Belgium * Belize * Benin * Bermuda (GB) * Bhutan * Bolivia * Bonaire (NL) * Bosnia and Herzegovina * Botswana * Bouvet Island (NO) * Brazil * British Indian Ocean Territory (GB) * British Virgin Islands (GB) * Brunei * Bulgaria * Burkina Faso * Burundi * Cambodia * Cameroon * Canada * Cape Verde * Cayman Islands (GB) * Central African Republic * Chad * Chile * China * Christmas Island (AU) * Cocos Islands (AU) * Colombia * Comoros * Congo * Democratic Republic of the Congo * Cook Islands (NZ) * Coral Sea Islands Territory (AU) * Costa Rica * Croatia * Cuba * Curaçao (NL) * Cyprus * Czech Republic * Denmark * Djibouti * Dominica * Dominican Republic * East Timor * Ecuador * Egypt * El Salvador * Equatorial Guinea * Eritrea * Estonia * Ethiopia * Falkland Islands (GB) * Faroe Islands (DK) * Fiji Islands * Finland * France * French Guiana (FR) * French Polynesia (FR) * French Southern Lands (FR) * Gabon * Gambia * Georgia * Germany * Ghana * Gibraltar (GB) * Greece * Greenland (DK) * Grenada * Guadeloupe (FR) * Guam (US) * Guatemala * Guernsey (GB) * Guinea * Guinea-Bissau * Guyana * Haiti * Heard and McDonald Islands (AU) * Honduras * Hong Kong (CN) * Hungary * Iceland * India * Indonesia * Iran * Iraq * Ireland * Isle of Man (GB) * Israel * Italy * Ivory Coast * Jamaica * Jan Mayen (NO) * Japan * Jersey (GB) * Jordan * Kazakhstan * Kenya * Kiribati * Kosovo * Kuwait * Kyrgyzstan * Laos * Latvia * Lebanon * Lesotho * Liberia * Libya * Liechtenstein * Lithuania * Luxembourg * Macau (CN) * Macedonia * Madagascar * Malawi * Malaysia * Maldives * Mali * Malta * Marshall Islands * Martinique (FR) * Mauritania * Mauritius * Mayotte (FR) * Mexico * Micronesia * Moldova * Monaco * Mongolia * Montenegro * Montserrat (GB) * Morocco * Mozambique * Myanmar * Namibia * Nauru * Navassa (US) * Nepal * Netherlands * New Caledonia (FR) * New Zealand * Nicaragua * Niger * Nigeria * Niue (NZ) * Norfolk Island (AU) * North Korea * Northern Cyprus * Northern Mariana Islands (US) * Norway * Oman * Pakistan * Palau * Palestinian Authority * Panama * Papua New Guinea * Paraguay * Peru * Philippines * Pitcairn Island (GB) * Poland * Portugal * Puerto Rico (US) * Qatar * Reunion (FR) * Romania * Russia * Rwanda * Saba (NL) * Saint Barthelemy (FR) * Saint Helena (GB) * Saint Kitts and Nevis * Saint Lucia * Saint Martin (FR) * Saint Pierre and Miquelon (FR) * Saint Vincent and the Grenadines * Samoa * San Marino * Sao Tome and Principe * Saudi Arabia * Senegal * Serbia * Seychelles * Sierra Leone * Singapore * Sint Eustatius (NL) * Sint Maarten (NL) * Slovakia * Slovenia * Solomon Islands * Somalia * South Africa * South Georgia (GB) * South Korea * South Sudan * Spain * Sri Lanka * Sudan * Suriname * Svalbard (NO) * Swaziland * Sweden * Switzerland * Syria * Taiwan * Tajikistan * Tanzania * Thailand * Togo * Tokelau (NZ) * Tonga * Trinidad and Tobago * Tunisia * Turkey * Turkmenistan * Turks and Caicos Islands (GB) * Tuvalu * U.S. Minor Pacific Islands (US) * U.S. Virgin Islands (US) * Uganda * Ukraine * United Arab Emirates * United Kingdom * United States * Uruguay * Uzbekistan * Vanuatu * Vatican City * Venezuela * Vietnam * Wallis and Futuna (FR) * Yemen * Zambia * Zimbabwe and major cities such as Tokyo, Yokohama, New York City, Sao Paulo, Seoul, Mexico City, Osaka, Kobe, Kyoto, Manila, Mumbai, Delhi, Jakarta, Lagos, Kolkata, Cairo, Los Angeles, Buenos Aires, Rio de Janeiro, Moscow, Shanghai, Karachi, Paris, Istanbul, Nagoya, Beijing, Chicago, London, Shenzhen, Essen, Düsseldorf, Tehran, Bogota, Lima, Bangkok, Johannesburg, East Rand, Chennai, Taipei, Baghdad, Santiago, Bangalore, Hyderabad, St Petersburg, Philadelphia, Lahore, Kinshasa, Miami, Ho Chi Minh City, Madrid, Tianjin, Kuala Lumpur, Toronto, Milan, Shenyang, Dallas, Fort Worth, Boston, Belo Horizonte, Khartoum, Riyadh, Singapore, Washington, Detroit, Barcelona,, Houston, Athens, Berlin, Sydney, Atlanta, Guadalajara, San Francisco, Oakland, Montreal, Monterey, Melbourne, Ankara, Recife, Phoenix/Mesa, Durban, Porto Alegre, Dalian, Jeddah, Seattle, Cape Town, San Diego, Fortaleza, Curitiba, Rome, Naples, Minneapolis, St. Paul, Tel Aviv, Birmingham, Frankfurt, Lisbon, Manchester, San Juan, Katowice, Tashkent, f*ckuoka, Baku, Sumqayit, St. Louis, Baltimore, Sapporo, Tampa, St. Petersburg, Taichung, Warsaw, Denver, Cologne, Bonn, Hamburg, Dubai, Pretoria, Vancouver, Beirut, Budapest, Cleveland, Pittsburgh, Campinas, Harare, Brasilia, Kuwait, Munich, Portland, Brussels, Vienna, San Jose, Damman , Copenhagen, Brisbane, Riverside, San Bernardino, Cincinnati and Accra Madonna Article Talk Read View source View history Tools This is a good article. Click here for more information. Page semi-protected From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For other uses, see Madonna (disambiguation). "Queen of Pop" redirects here. For other uses, see Queen of Pop (disambiguation). Madonna Madonna standing in front of a microphone Madonna performing on her Rebel Heart Tour in 2015 Born Madonna Louise Ciccone August 16, 1958 (age 64) Bay City, Michigan, U.S. Occupations Singer-songwriteractressdancerrecord producerdirectorauthorbusinesswoman Years active 1979–present Organizations Ray of Light FoundationRaising Malawi Works Albumssongs singlesunreleasedvideosconcertsfilmsbooksfashion brands Spouses Sean Penn (m. 1985; div. 1989) Guy Ritchie (m. 2000; div. 2008) Partner Carlos Leon (1995–1997) Children 6, including Lourdes Leon Relatives Christopher Ciccone (brother) Awards Full list Musical career Origin New York City, U.S. Genres Popelectronicadance Instruments Vocalsguitar Labels SireWarnerMaverickInterscope Formerly of Breakfast ClubEmmy Website madonna.com Signature Madonna Louise Ciccone[a] (/tʃɪˈkoʊni/; Italian: [tʃikˈkoːne]; born August 16, 1958) is an American singer, songwriter, and actress. Known as the "Queen of Pop", Madonna has been widely recognized for her continual reinvention and versatility in music production, songwriting, and visual presentation. She has pushed the boundaries of artistic expression in mainstream music, while continuing to maintain control over every aspect of her career.[2] Her works, which incorporate social, political, sexual, and religious themes, have generated both controversy and critical acclaim. A prominent cultural figure crossing both the 20th and 21st centuries, Madonna remains one of the most "well-documented figures of the modern age",[3] with a broad amount of scholarly reviews, and literature and art works on her, as well as an academic mini subdiscipline devoted to her named Madonna studies. Madonna moved to New York City in 1978 to pursue a career in modern dance. After performing as a drummer, guitarist, and vocalist in the rock bands Breakfast Club and Emmy, she rose to solo stardom with her debut studio album, Madonna (1983). She followed it with a series of successful albums, including all-time bestsellers Like a Virgin (1984), True Blue (1986) and The Immaculate Collection (1990), as well as Grammy Award winners Ray of Light (1998) and Confessions on a Dance Floor (2005). Madonna has amassed many chart-topping singles throughout her career, including "Like a Virgin", "La Isla Bonita", "Like a Prayer", "Vogue", "Take a Bow", "Frozen", "Music", "Hung Up", and "4 Minutes". Madonna's popularity was enhanced by roles in films such as Desperately Seeking Susan (1985), Dick Tracy (1990), A League of Their Own (1992), and Evita (1996). While the lattermost won her a Golden Globe Award for Best Actress, many of her other films were not as well received. As a businesswoman, Madonna founded the company Maverick in 1992. It included Maverick Records, one of the most successful artist-run labels in history. Her other ventures include fashion brands, written works, health clubs, and filmmaking. She contributes to various charities, having founded the Ray of Light Foundation in 1998 and Raising Malawi in 2006, and advocates for gender equality and LGBT rights. With sales of over 300 million records worldwide, Madonna is the best-selling female recording artist of all time. She is the most successful solo artist in the history of the U.S. Billboard Hot 100 chart and has achieved the most number-one singles by a woman in Australia, Canada, Italy, Spain, and the United Kingdom. With a revenue of over US$1.5 billion from her concert tickets, she remains the highest-grossing female touring artist worldwide. Forbes has named Madonna the annual top-earning female musician a record 11 times across four decades (1980s–2010s). She was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2008, her first year of eligibility. Madonna was ranked as the greatest woman in music by VH1, and as the greatest music video artist ever by MTV and Billboard. Rolling Stone also listed her among its greatest artists and greatest songwriters of all time. Life and career 1958–1978: Early life Madonna Louise Ciccone[4] was born on August 16, 1958, in Bay City, Michigan, to Catholic parents Madonna Louise (née Fortin) and Silvio Anthony "Tony" Ciccone.[5][6] Her father's parents were Italian emigrants from Pacentro while her mother was of French-Canadian descent.[7] Tony Ciccone worked as an optics engineer for Chrysler and General Dynamics on military projects. Since Madonna had the same name as her mother, family members called her "Little Nonnie".[8] Her mother died of breast cancer on December 1, 1963. Madonna later adopted Veronica as a confirmation name when getting confirmed in the Catholic Church in 1966.[9] Madonna was raised in the Detroit suburbs of Pontiac and Avon Township (now Rochester Hills), alongside her two older brothers Anthony and Martin; and three younger siblings, Paula, Christopher, and Melanie.[10] In 1966, Tony married the family's housekeeper Joan Gustafson. They had two children, Jennifer and Mario.[10] Madonna resented her father for getting remarried and began to rebel against him, which strained their relationship for many years afterward.[5] Madonna attended St. Frederick's and St. Andrew's Catholic Elementary Schools, and West Middle School. She was known for her high grade point average and achieved notoriety for her unconventional behavior. Madonna would perform cartwheels and handstands in the hallways between classes, dangle by her knees from the monkey bars during recess, and pull up her skirt during class—all so that the boys could see her underwear.[11] She later admitted to seeing herself in her youth as a "lonely girl who was searching for something. I wasn't rebellious in a certain way. I cared about being good at something. I didn't shave my underarms and I didn't wear make-up like normal girls do. But I studied and I got good grades... I wanted to be somebody."[5] Madonna's father put her in classical piano lessons, but she later convinced him to allow her to take ballet lessons.[12] Christopher Flynn, her ballet teacher, persuaded her to pursue a career in dance.[13] Madonna later attended Rochester Adams High School and became a straight-A student as well as a member of its cheerleading squad.[14][15] After graduating in January 1976, she received a dance scholarship to the University of Michigan and studied over the summer at the American Dance Festival in Durham, North Carolina.[16][17] In 1978, Madonna dropped out of college and relocated to New York City.[18] She said of her move to New York, "It was the first time I'd ever taken a plane, the first time I'd ever gotten a taxi cab. I came here with $35 in my pocket. It was the bravest thing I'd ever done."[19] Madonna soon found an apartment in the Alphabet City neighborhood of the East Village[20] and had little money while working at Dunkin' Donuts and with modern dance troupes, taking classes at the Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater, and eventually performing with Pearl Lang Dance Theater.[21][17][22] She also studied dance under the tutelage of Martha Graham, the noted American dancer and choreographer.[23] Madonna started to work as a backup dancer for other established artists. One night, while returning from a rehearsal, a pair of men held her at knifepoint and forced her to perform fellati*. She later found the incident to be "a taste of my weakness, it showed me that I still could not save myself in spite of all the strong-girl show. I could never forget it."[24] 1979–1983: Career beginnings, rock bands, and Madonna In 1979, Madonna became romantically involved with musician Dan Gilroy.[25] Shortly after meeting him, she successfully auditioned to perform in Paris with French disco artist Patrick Hernandez as his backup singer and dancer.[21] During her three months with Hernandez's troupe, she also traveled to Tunisia before returning to New York in August 1979.[25][26] Madonna moved into an abandoned synagogue where Gilroy lived and rehearsed in Corona, Queens.[21][11] Together they formed her first band, the Breakfast Club, for which Madonna sang and played drums and guitar.[27] While with the band, Madonna briefly worked as a coat-check girl at the Russian Tea Room, and she made her acting debut in the low-budget indie film A Certain Sacrifice, which was not released until 1985.[28][29] In 1980, Madonna left the Breakfast Club with drummer Stephen Bray, who was her boyfriend in Michigan, and they formed the band Emmy and the Emmys.[30] They rekindled their romance and moved into the Music Building in Manhattan.[21] The two began writing songs together and they recorded a four-song demo tape in November 1980, but soon after, Madonna decided to promote herself as a solo artist.[31][21] In March 1981, Camille Barbone, who ran Gotham Records in the Music Building, signed Madonna to a contract with Gotham and worked as her manager until February 1982.[32][33][34] Madonna frequented nightclubs to get disc jockeys to play her demo.[35] DJ Mark Kamins at Danceteria took an interest in her music and they began dating.[36] Kamins arranged a meeting with Madonna and Seymour Stein, the president of Sire Records, a subsidiary of Warner Bros. Records.[35] Madonna signed a deal for a total of three singles, with an option for an album.[37] Kamins produced her debut single, "Everybody", which was released in October 1982.[35] In December 1982, Madonna performed the song live for the first time at Danceteria.[38][39] She made her first television appearance performing "Everybody" on Dancin' On Air in January 1983.[40] In February 1983, she promoted the single with nightclub performances in the United Kingdom.[41] Her second single, "Burning Up", was released in March 1983. Both singles reached number three on Billboard magazine's Hot Dance Club Songs chart.[42] During this period, Madonna was in a relationship with artist Jean-Michel Basquiat and living at his loft in SoHo.[43][44] Basquiat introduced her to art curator Diego Cortez, who had managed some punk bands and co-founded the Mudd Club.[45] Madonna invited Cortez to be her manager, but he declined.[45] Following the success of the singles, Warner hired Reggie Lucas to produce her debut album, Madonna.[46] However, Madonna was dissatisfied with the completed tracks and disagreed with Lucas' production techniques, so she decided to seek additional help.[47] She asked John "Jellybean" Benitez, the resident DJ at Fun House, to help finish the album's production and a romance ensued.[48] Benitez remixed most of the tracks and produced "Holiday", which was her first international top-ten song. The album was released in July 1983, and peaked at number eight on the Billboard 200. It yielded two top-ten singles on the Billboard Hot 100, "Borderline" and "Lucky Star".[49] In the fall of 1983, Madonna's new manager, Freddy DeMann, secured a meeting for her with film producer Jon Peters, who asked her to play the part of a club singer in the romantic drama Vision Quest.[50] 1984–1987: Like a Virgin, first marriage, True Blue, and Who's That Girl In January 1984, Madonna gained more exposure by performing on American Bandstand and Top of the Pops.[51][52] Her image, performances, and music videos influenced young girls and women.[53] Madonna's style became one of the female fashion trends of the 1980s.[54] Created by stylist and jewelry designer Maripol, the look consisted of lace tops, skirts over capri pants, fishnet stockings, jewelry bearing the crucifix, bracelets, and bleached hair.[55][56][57] Madonna's popularity continued to rise globally with the release of her second studio album, Like a Virgin, in November 1984. It became her first number-one album in Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Spain, the UK, and the US.[58][59] Like a Virgin became the first album by a female to sell over five million copies in the U.S.[60] It was later certified diamond by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA), and has sold over 21 million copies worldwide.[61] Closeup of a blond woman singing into a microphone wearing a white jacket. Madonna performing at the Live Aid charity concert on July 1985 The album's title track served as its first single, and topped the Hot 100 chart for six consecutive weeks.[62] It attracted the attention of conservative organizations who complained that the song and its accompanying video promoted premarital sex and undermined family values,[63] and moralists sought to have the song and video banned.[64] Madonna received huge media coverage for her performance of "Like a Virgin" at the first 1984 MTV Video Music Awards. Wearing a wedding dress and white gloves, Madonna appeared on stage atop a giant wedding cake and then rolled around suggestively on the floor. MTV retrospectively considered it one of the "most iconic" pop performances of all time.[65] The second single, "Material Girl", reached number two on the Hot 100.[49] While filming the single's music video, Madonna started dating actor Sean Penn. They married on her birthday in 1985.[66] Madonna entered mainstream films in February 1985, beginning with her cameo in Vision Quest. The soundtrack contained two new singles, her U.S. number-one single, "Crazy for You", and another track "Gambler".[49] She also played the title role in the 1985 comedy Desperately Seeking Susan, a film which introduced the song "Into the Groove", her first number-one single in the UK.[67] Her popularity caused the film to be perceived as a Madonna vehicle, despite how she was not billed as a lead actress.[68] The New York Times film critic Vincent Canby named it one of the ten best films of 1985.[69] Beginning in April 1985, Madonna embarked on her first concert tour in North America, the Virgin Tour, with the Beastie Boys as her opening act. The tour saw the peak of Madonna wannabe phenomenon, with many female attendees dressing like her.[70] At that time, she released two more hits, "Angel" and "Dress You Up", making all four singles from the album peak inside the top five on the Hot 100 chart.[71] In July, Penthouse and Playboy magazines published a number of nude photos of Madonna, taken when she moonlighted as an art model in 1978.[72] She had posed for the photographs because she needed money at the time, and was paid as little as $25 a session.[73] The publication of the photos caused a media uproar, but Madonna remained "unapologetic and defiant".[74] The photographs were ultimately sold for up to $100,000.[73] She referred to these events at the 1985 outdoor Live Aid charity concert, saying that she would not take her jacket off because "[the media] might hold it against me ten years from now."[74][75] In June 1986, Madonna released her third studio album, True Blue, which was inspired by and dedicated to her husband Penn.[76] Rolling Stone was impressed with the effort, writing that the album "sound[s] as if it comes from the heart".[77] Five singles were released—"Live to Tell", "Papa Don't Preach", "True Blue", "Open Your Heart", and "La Isla Bonita"—all of which reached number one in the U.S. or the UK.[49][78] The album topped the charts in 28 countries worldwide, an unprecedented achievement at the time, and remains Madonna's bestselling studio album, with sales of 25 million copies.[79][80] True Blue was featured in the 1992 edition of Guinness World Records as the bestselling album by a woman of all time.[81] Madonna starred in the critically panned film Shanghai Surprise in 1986, for which she received her first Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Actress.[82] She made her theatrical debut in a production of David Rabe's Goose and Tom-Tom; the film and play both co-starred Penn.[83] The next year, Madonna was featured in the film Who's That Girl. She contributed four songs to its soundtrack, including the title track and "Causing a Commotion".[84] Madonna embarked on the Who's That Girl World Tour in June 1987, which continued until September.[85][86] It broke several attendance records, including over 130,000 people in a show near Paris, which was then a record for the highest-attended female concert of all time.[87] Later that year, she released a remix album of past hits, You Can Dance, which reached number 14 on the Billboard 200.[58][88] After a tumultuous two years' marriage, Madonna filed for divorce from Penn on December 4, 1987, but withdrew the petition a few weeks later.[89][90] 1988–1991: Like a Prayer, Dick Tracy, and Truth or Dare A blond woman onstage with curly hair, and wearing a white corset and black pants. The background is black and smoky. Madonna performing during one of the dates of 1990's Blond Ambition World Tour, which was named one of the greatest concert tours of the past 50 years by Rolling Stone magazine[91] She made her Broadway debut in the production of Speed-the-Plow at the Royale Theatre from May to August 1988.[92][93] According to the Associated Press, Madonna filed an assault report against Penn after an alleged incident at their Malibu home during the New Year's weekend.[94][95] Madonna filed for divorce on January 5, 1989, and the following week she reportedly asked that no criminal charges be pressed.[96][94] In January 1989, Madonna signed an endorsem*nt deal with soft-drink manufacturer Pepsi.[97] In one Pepsi commercial, she debuted "Like a Prayer", the lead single and title track from her fourth studio album. The music video featured Catholic symbols such as stigmata and cross burning, and a dream of making love to a saint, leading the Vatican to condemn the video. Religious groups sought to ban the commercial and boycott Pepsi products. Pepsi revoked the commercial and canceled her sponsorship contract.[98][99] "Like a Prayer" topped the charts in many countries, becoming her seventh number-one on the Hot 100.[84][49] Madonna co-wrote and co-produced the album Like a Prayer with Patrick Leonard, Stephen Bray, and Prince.[100] Music critic J. D. Considine from Rolling Stone praised it "as close to art as pop music gets ... proof not only that Madonna should be taken seriously as an artist but that hers is one of the most compelling voices of the Eighties."[101] Like a Prayer peaked at number one on the Billboard 200 and sold 15 million copies worldwide.[58][102] Other successful singles from the album were "Express Yourself" and "Cherish", which both peaked at number two in the US, as well as the UK top-five "Dear Jessie" and the U.S. top-ten "Keep It Together".[84][49] By the end of the 1980s, Madonna was named as the "Artist of the Decade" by MTV, Billboard and Musician magazine.[103][104][105] Madonna starred as Breathless Mahoney in the film Dick Tracy (1990), with Warren Beatty playing the title role.[106] The film went to number one on the U.S. box office for two weeks and Madonna received a Saturn Award nomination for Best Actress.[107] To accompany the film, she released the soundtrack album, I'm Breathless, which included songs inspired by the film's 1930s setting. It also featured the U.S. number-one song "Vogue" and "Sooner or Later".[108][109] While shooting the film, Madonna began a relationship with Beatty, which dissolved shortly after the premiere.[110][111] In April 1990, Madonna began her Blond Ambition World Tour, which ended in August.[112] Rolling Stone called it an "elaborately choreographed, sexually provocative extravaganza" and proclaimed it "the best tour of 1990".[113] The tour generated strong negative reaction from religious groups for her performance of "Like a Virgin", during which two male dancers caressed her body before she simulated masturbation.[85] In response, Madonna said, "The tour in no way hurts anybody's sentiments. It's for open minds and gets them to see sexuality in a different way. Their own and others".[114] The live recording of the tour won Madonna her first Grammy Award, in the category of Best Long Form Music Video.[115] In October 1990, Madonna lent her voice to a Public Service Announcement (PSA) supporting Rock the Vote's efforts in voter registration.[116] The Immaculate Collection, Madonna's first greatest-hits compilation album, was released in November 1990. It included two new songs, "Justify My Love" and "Rescue Me".[117] The album was certified diamond by RIAA and sold over 30 million copies worldwide, becoming the best-selling compilation album by a solo artist in history.[118][119] "Justify My Love" reached number one in the U.S. becoming her ninth number-one on the Hot 100.[49] Her then-boyfriend model Tony Ward co-starred in the music video, which featured scenes of sadomasochism, bondage, same-sex kissing, and brief nudity.[120][121] The video was deemed too sexually explicit for MTV and was banned from the network.[122] Her first documentary film, Truth or Dare (known as In Bed with Madonna outside North America), was released in May 1991.[123] Chronicling her Blond Ambition World Tour, it became the highest-grossing documentary of all time (surpassed eleven years later by Michael Moore's Bowling for Columbine).[124] 1992–1997: Maverick, Erotica, Sex, Bedtime Stories, Evita, and motherhood A woman with short blonde hair, wearing a green bra and purple pants, singing to a microphone, held in her left hand. Madonna during one of the concerts of 1993's the Girlie Show, which was launched to promote her fifth studio album Erotica. For the album, she incorporated a dominatrix alter-ego named Mistress Dita, based on actress Dita Parlo.[125] In 1992, Madonna starred in A League of Their Own as Mae Mordabito, a baseball player on an all-women's team. It reached number one on the box-office and became the tenth-highest-grossing film of the year in the U.S.[126] She recorded the film's theme song, "This Used to Be My Playground", which became her tenth number-one on the Billboard Hot 100, the most by any female artist at the time.[49] In April, Madonna founded her own entertainment company, Maverick, consisting of a record company (Maverick Records), a film production company (Maverick Films), and associated music publishing, television broadcasting, book publishing and merchandising divisions.[127] The deal was a joint venture with Time Warner and paid Madonna an advance of $60 million. It gave her 20% royalties from the music proceedings, the highest rate in the industry at the time, equaled only by Michael Jackson's royalty rate established a year earlier with Sony.[127] Her company later went on to become one of the most successful artist-run labels in history, producing multi-platinum artists such as Alanis Morissette and Michelle Branch.[128][129] Later that year, Madonna co-sponsored the first museum retrospective for her former boyfriend Jean-Michel Basquiat at the Whitney Museum of American Art.[130][131] In October 1992, Madonna simultaneously released her fifth studio album, Erotica, and her coffee table book, Sex.[132] Consisting of sexually provocative and explicit images, photographed by Steven Meisel, the book received strong negative reaction from the media and the general public, but sold 1.5 million copies at $50 each in a matter of days.[133][134] The widespread backlash overshadowed Erotica, which ended up as her lowest selling album at the time.[134] Despite positive reviews, it became her first studio album since her debut album not to score any chart-topper in the U.S. The album entered the Billboard 200 at number two and yielded the Hot 100 top-ten hits "Erotica" and "Deeper and Deeper".[58][49] Madonna continued her provocative imagery in the 1993 erotic thriller, Body of Evidence, a film which contained scenes of sadomasochism and bondage. It was poorly received by critics.[135][136] She also starred in the film Dangerous Game, which was released straight to video in North America. The New York Times described the film as "angry and painful, and the pain feels real."[137] In September 1993, Madonna embarked on the Girlie Show, in which she dressed as a whip-cracking dominatrix surrounded by topless dancers. In Puerto Rico she rubbed the island's flag between her legs on stage, resulting in outrage among the audience.[85] In March 1994, she appeared as a guest on the Late Show with David Letterman, using profanity that required censorship on television, and handing Letterman a pair of her panties and asking him to smell it.[138] The releases of her sexually explicit book, album and film, and the aggressive appearance on Letterman all made critics question Madonna as a sexual renegade. Critics and fans reacted negatively, who commented that "she had gone too far" and that her career was over.[139] Around this time, Madonna briefly dated basketball player Dennis Rodman and rapper Tupac Shakur.[140][141][142] Biographer J. Randy Taraborrelli described her ballad "I'll Remember" (1994) as an attempt to tone down her provocative image. The song was recorded for Alek Keshishian's 1994 film With Honors.[143] She made a subdued appearance with Letterman at an awards show and appeared on The Tonight Show with Jay Leno after realizing that she needed to change her musical direction in order to sustain her popularity.[144] With her sixth studio album, Bedtime Stories (1994), Madonna employed a softer image to try to improve the public perception.[144] The album debuted at number three on the Billboard 200 and generated two U.S. top-five hits, "Secret" and "Take a Bow", the latter topping the Hot 100 for seven weeks, the longest period of any Madonna single.[145] Something to Remember, a collection of ballads, was released in November 1995. The album featured three new songs: "You'll See", "One More Chance", and a cover of Marvin Gaye's "I Want You".[49][146] An enthusiastic collector of modern art, Madonna sponsored the first major retrospective of Tina Modotti's work at the Philadelphia Museum of Art in 1995.[147] The following year, she sponsored an exhibition of Basquiat's paintings at the Serpentine Gallery in London.[148] The following year, she sponsored artist Cindy Sherman's retrospective at the MoMA in New York.[149] This is the role I was born to play. I put everything of me into this because it was much more than a role in a movie. It was exhilarating and intimidating at the same time. And I am prouder of Evita than anything else I have done. —Madonna talking about her role in Evita[150] In February 1996, Madonna began filming the musical Evita in Argentina.[151] For a long time, Madonna had desired to play Argentine political leader Eva Perón and wrote to director Alan Parker to explain why she would be perfect for the part. After securing the title role, she received vocal coaching and learned about the history of Argentina and Perón. During filming Madonna became ill several times, after finding out that she was pregnant, and from the intense emotional effort required with the scenes.[152] Upon Evita's release in December 1996, Madonna's performance received praise from film critics.[153][154][155] Zach Conner of Time magazine remarked, "It's a relief to say that Evita is pretty damn fine, well cast and handsomely visualized. Madonna once again confounds our expectations."[156] For the role, she won the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress in Motion Picture Musical or Comedy.[157] The Evita soundtrack, containing songs mostly performed by Madonna, was released as a double album.[158] It included "You Must Love Me" and "Don't Cry for Me Argentina"; the latter reached number one in countries across Europe.[159] Madonna was presented with the Artist Achievement Award by Tony Bennett at the 1996 Billboard Music Awards.[160] On October 14, 1996, she gave birth to Lourdes "Lola" Maria Ciccone Leon, her daughter with fitness trainer Carlos Leon.[161][162] Biographer Mary Cross writes that although Madonna often worried that her pregnancy would harm Evita, she reached some important personal goals: "Now 38 years old, Madonna had at last triumphed on screen and achieved her dream of having a child, both in the same year. She had reached another turning point in her career, reinventing herself and her image with the public."[163] Her relationship with Carlos Leon ended in May 1997 and she declared that they were "better off as best friends".[164][165] 1998–2002: Ray of Light, Music, second marriage, and touring comeback A blond woman sitting on a block of hay. She is playing a guitar and singing in front of a standing microphone. She has short hair and wears gray-colored cowboy clothes. Madonna playing guitar during 2001's Drowned World Tour, the most lucrative concert tour of the year by a solo artist After Lourdes's birth, Madonna became involved in Eastern mysticism and Kabbalah, introduced to her by actress Sandra Bernhard.[166] Her seventh studio album, Ray of Light, (1998) reflected this change in her perception and image.[167][168] She collaborated with electronica producer William Orbit and wanted to create a sound that could blend dance music with pop and British rock.[169] American music critic Ann Powers explained that what Madonna searched for with Orbit "was a kind of a lushness that she wanted for this record. Techno and rave were happening in the 90s and had a lot of different forms. There was very experimental, more hard stuff like Aphex Twin. There was party stuff like Fatboy Slim. That's not what Madonna wanted for this. She wanted something more like a singer-songwriter, really. And William Orbit provided her with that."[169] The album garnered critical acclaim, with Slant Magazine calling it "one of the great pop masterpieces of the '90s"[170] Ray of Light was honored with four Grammy Awards—including Best Pop Album and Best Dance Recording—and was nominated for both Album of the Year and Record of the Year.[171] Rolling Stone listed it among "The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time".[172] Commercially, the album peaked at number-one in numerous countries and sold more than 16 million copies worldwide.[173] The album's lead single, "Frozen", became Madonna's first single to debut at number one in the UK, while in the U.S. it became her sixth number-two single, setting another record for Madonna as the artist with the most number-two hits.[49][174] The second single, "Ray of Light", debuted at number five on the Billboard Hot 100.[175] The 1998 edition of Guinness Book of World Records documented that "no female artist has sold more records than Madonna around the world".[176] Madonna founded Ray of Light Foundation which focused on women, education, global development and humanitarian.[177] She recorded the single "Beautiful Stranger" for the 1999 film Austin Powers: The Spy Who Shagged Me, which earned her a Grammy Award for Best Song Written for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media.[115] Madonna starred in the 2000 comedy-drama film The Next Best Thing, directed by John Schlesinger. The film opened at number two on the U.S. box office with $5.9 million grossed in its first week, but this quickly diminished.[178] She also contributed two songs to the film's soundtrack—a cover of Don McLean's 1971 song "American Pie" and an original song "Time Stood Still"—the former became her ninth UK number-one single.[179] Madonna released her eighth studio album, Music, in September 2000. It featured elements from the electronica-inspired Ray of Light era, and like its predecessor, received acclaim from critics. Collaborating with French producer Mirwais Ahmadzaï, Madonna commented: "I love to work with the weirdos that no one knows about—the people who have raw talent and who are making music unlike anyone else out there. Music is the future of sound."[180] Stephen Thomas Erlewine from AllMusic felt that "Music blows by in a kaleidoscopic rush of color, technique, style and substance. It has so many depth and layers that it's easily as self-aware and earnest as Ray of Light."[181] The album took the number-one position in more than 20 countries worldwide and sold four million copies in the first ten days.[171] In the U.S., Music debuted at the top, and became her first number-one album in eleven years since Like a Prayer.[182] It produced three singles: the Hot 100 number-one "Music", "Don't Tell Me", and "What It Feels Like for a Girl".[49] The music video of "What It Feels Like for a Girl" depicted Madonna committing acts of crime and vandalism, and was banned by MTV and VH1.[183] Madonna met director Guy Ritchie in the summer of 1998, and gave birth to their son Rocco John Ritchie in Los Angeles on August 11, 2000.[184] Rocco and Madonna suffered complications from the birth due to her experiencing placenta praevia.[185] He was christened at Dornoch Cathedral in Dornoch, Scotland, on December 21, 2000.[186] Madonna married Ritchie the following day at nearby Skibo Castle.[187][188] After an eight-year absence from touring, Madonna started her Drowned World Tour in June 2001.[85] The tour visited cities in the U.S. and Europe and was the highest-grossing concert tour of the year by a solo artist, earning $75 million from 47 sold-out shows.[189] She also released her second greatest-hits collection, GHV2, which compiled 15 singles during the second decade of her recording career. The album debuted at number seven on the Billboard 200 and sold seven million units worldwide.[190][191] Madonna starred in the film Swept Away, directed by Ritchie. Released direct-to-video in the UK, the film was a commercial and critical failure.[192] In May 2002 she appeared in London in the West End play Up For Grabs at the Wyndhams Theatre (billed as 'Madonna Ritchie'), to universally bad reviews and was described as "the evening's biggest disappointment" by one.[193][194] That October, she released "Die Another Day", the title song of the James Bond film Die Another Day, in which she had a cameo role, described by Peter Bradshaw from The Guardian as "incredibly wooden".[195] The song reached number eight on the Billboard Hot 100 and was nominated for both a Golden Globe Award for Best Original Song and a Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Original Song.[49] 2003–2006: American Life and Confessions on a Dance Floor Madonna and her backup dancers in military constumes performing onstage with their right hands held upright into a fist. Madonna again broke records in 2004, when her Re-Invention concert tour was named the year's highest-grossing. In 2003, Madonna collaborated with fashion photographer Steven Klein for an exhibition installation named X-STaTIC Pro=CeSS, which ran from March to May in New York's Deitch Projects gallery and also traveled the world in an edited form.[196] The same year, Madonna released her ninth studio album, American Life, which was based on her observations of American society.[197] She explained that the record was "like a trip down memory lane, looking back at everything I've accomplished and all the things I once valued and all the things that were important to me." Larry Flick from The Advocate felt that "American Life is an album that is among her most adventurous and lyrically intelligent" while condemning it as "a lazy, half-arsed effort to sound and take her seriously."[198][199] The original music video of its title track caused controversy due to its violence and anti-war imagery, and was withdrawn after the 2003 invasion of Iraq started. Madonna voluntarily censored herself for the first time in her career due to the political climate of the country, saying that "there was a lynch mob mentality that was going on that wasn't pretty and I have children to protect."[200] The song stalled at number 37 on the Hot 100,[49] while the album became her lowest-selling album at that point with four million copies worldwide.[201] Madonna gave another provocative performance later that year at the 2003 MTV Video Music Awards, when she kissed singers Britney Spears and Christina Aguilera while singing the track "Hollywood".[202][203] In October 2003, she provided guest vocals on Spears' single "Me Against the Music".[204] It was followed with the release of Remixed & Revisited. The EP contained remixed versions of songs from American Life and included "Your Honesty", a previously unreleased track from the Bedtime Stories recording sessions.[205] Madonna also signed a contract with Callaway Arts & Entertainment to be the author of five children's books. The first of these books, titled The English Roses, was published in September 2003. The story was about four English schoolgirls and their envy and jealousy of each other.[206] The book debuted at the top of The New York Times Best Seller list and became the fastest-selling children's picture book of all time.[207] Madonna donated all of its proceeds to a children's charity.[208] The next year Madonna and Maverick sued Warner Music Group and its former parent company Time Warner, claiming that mismanagement of resources and poor bookkeeping had cost the company millions of dollars. In return, Warner filed a countersuit alleging that Maverick had lost tens of millions of dollars on its own.[128][209] The dispute was resolved when the Maverick shares, owned by Madonna and Ronnie Dashev, were purchased by Warner. Madonna and Dashev's company became a wholly-owned subsidiary of Warner Music, but Madonna was still signed to Warner under a separate recording contract.[128] In mid-2004, Madonna embarked on the Re-Invention World Tour in the U.S., Canada, and Europe. It became the highest-grossing tour of 2004, earning around $120 million and became the subject of her documentary I'm Going to Tell You a Secret.[210][211] In November 2004, she was inducted into the UK Music Hall of Fame as one of its five founding members, along with the Beatles, Elvis Presley, Bob Marley, and U2.[212] Rolling Stone ranked her at number 36 on its special issue of the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time, featuring an article about her written by Britney Spears.[213] In January 2005, Madonna performed a cover version of the John Lennon song "Imagine" at Tsunami Aid.[214] She also performed at the Live 8 benefit concert in London in July 2005.[215] When I wrote American Life, I was very agitated by what was going on in the world around me, ... I was angry. I had a lot to get off my chest. I made a lot of political statements. But now, I feel that I just want to have fun; I want to dance; I want to feel buoyant. And I want to give other people the same feeling. There's a lot of madness in the world around us, and I want people to be happy. —Madonna talking about Confessions on a Dance Floor.[216] Her tenth studio album, Confessions on a Dance Floor, was released in November 2005. Musically the album was structured like a club set composed by a DJ. It was acclaimed by critics, with Keith Caulfield from Billboard commenting that the album was a "welcome return to form for the Queen of Pop."[217] The album won a Grammy Award for Best Electronic/Dance Album.[115] Confessions on a Dance Floor and its lead single, "Hung Up", went on to reach number one in 40 and 41 countries respectively, earning a place in Guinness World Records.[218] The song contained a sample of ABBA's "Gimme! Gimme! Gimme! (A Man After Midnight)", only the second time that ABBA has allowed their work to be used. ABBA songwriter Björn Ulvaeus remarked "It is a wonderful track—100 per cent solid pop music."[219] "Sorry", the second single, became Madonna's twelfth number-one single in the UK.[67] Madonna embarked on the Confessions Tour in May 2006, which had a global audience of 1.2 million and grossed over $193.7 million, becoming the highest-grossing tour to that date for a female artist.[220] Madonna used religious symbols, such as the crucifix and Crown of Thorns, in the performance of "Live to Tell". It caused the Russian Orthodox Church and the Federation of Jewish Communities of Russia to urge all their members to boycott her concert.[221] At the same time, the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry (IFPI) announced officially that Madonna had sold over 200 million copies of her albums alone worldwide.[222] While on tour Madonna founded charitable organization Raising Malawi and partially funded an orphanage in and traveling to that country.[223] While there, she decided to adopt a boy named David Banda in October 2006.[224] The adoption raised strong public reaction, because Malawian law requires would-be parents to reside in Malawi for one year before adopting, which Madonna did not do.[225] She addressed this on The Oprah Winfrey Show, saying that there were no written adoption laws in Malawi that regulated foreign adoption. Madonna described how Banda had been suffering from pneumonia after surviving malaria and tuberculosis when they first met.[226] Banda's biological father, Yohane, commented, "These so-called human rights activists are harassing me every day, threatening me that I am not aware of what I am doing ... They want me to support their court case, a thing I cannot do for I know what I agreed with Madonna and her husband." The adoption was finalized in May 2008.[227][228] 2007–2011: Filmmaking, Hard Candy, and business ventures Madonna playing a guitar onstage singing in front of a microphone. She wears a black leotard and white hat with boots. With a reported final gross of $411 million ($560.62 in 2022 dollars[229]), 2008–2009's Sticky & Sweet Tour was, at the time, the highest-earning concert tour. Madonna released and performed the song "Hey You" at the London Live Earth concert in July 2007.[230] She announced her departure from Warner Bros. Records, and declared a new $120 million, ten-year 360 deal with Live Nation.[231] In 2008, Madonna produced and wrote I Am Because We Are, a documentary on the problems faced by Malawians; it was directed by Nathan Rissman, who worked as Madonna's gardener.[232] She also directed her first film, Filth and Wisdom. The plot of the film revolved around three friends and their aspirations. The Times said she had "done herself proud" while The Daily Telegraph described the film as "not an entirely unpromising first effort [but] Madonna would do well to hang on to her day job."[233][234] On March 10, 2008, Madonna was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in her first year of eligibility.[235] She did not sing at the ceremony but asked fellow Hall of Fame inductees and Michigan natives the Stooges to perform her songs "Burning Up" and "Ray of Light".[236] Madonna released her eleventh studio album, Hard Candy, in April 2008. Containing R&B and urban pop influences, the songs on Hard Candy were autobiographical in nature and saw Madonna collaborating with Justin Timberlake, Timbaland, Pharrell Williams and Nate "Danja" Hills.[237] The album debuted at number one in 37 countries and on the Billboard 200.[238][239] Caryn Ganz from Rolling Stone complimented it as an "impressive taste of her upcoming tour",[240] while BBC correspondent Mark Savage panned it as "an attempt to harness the urban market".[241] "4 Minutes" was released as the album's lead single and peaked at number three on the Billboard Hot 100. It was Madonna's 37th top-ten hit on the chart and pushed her past Elvis Presley as the artist with the most top-ten hits.[242] In the UK she retained her record for the most number-one singles for a female artist; "4 Minutes" becoming her thirteenth.[243] At the 23rd Japan Gold Disc Awards, Madonna received her fifth Artist of the Year trophy from Recording Industry Association of Japan, the most for any artist.[244] To further promote the album, she embarked on the Sticky & Sweet Tour, her first major venture with Live Nation. With a total gross of $408 million, it ended up as the second highest-grossing tour of all time, behind the Rolling Stones's A Bigger Bang Tour.[245] It remained the highest-grossing tour by a solo artist until Roger Waters' the Wall Live surpassed it in 2013.[246] Madonna in a gown, holding an award statue in her left hand, talking to a standing microphone. Written for her directorial debut W.E., "Masterpiece" earned Madonna a Golden Globe Award for Best Original Song in 2012. In July 2008, Christopher Ciccone released a book titled Life with My Sister Madonna, which caused a rift between Madonna and him, because of unsolicited publication.[247] By fall, Madonna filed for divorce from Ritchie, citing irreconcilable differences.[248] In December 2008, Madonna's spokesperson announced that Madonna had agreed to a divorce settlement with Ritchie, the terms of which granted him between £50–60 million ($68.49–82.19 million), a figure that included the couple's London pub and residence and Wiltshire estate in England.[249] The marriage was dissolved by District Judge Reid by decree nisi at the clinical Principal Registry of the Family Division in High Holborn, London. They entered a compromise agreement for Rocco and David, then aged eight and three respectively, and divided the children's time between Ritchie's London home and Madonna's in New York, where the two were joined by Lourdes.[250][251] Soon after, Madonna applied to adopt Chifundo "Mercy" James from Malawi in May 2009, but the country's High Court rejected the application because Madonna was not a resident there.[252] She re-appealed, and on June 12, 2009, the Supreme Court of Malawi granted her the right to adopt Mercy.[253] Madonna concluded her contract with Warner by releasing her third greatest-hits album, Celebration, in September 2009. It contained the new songs "Celebration" and "Revolver" along with 34 hits spanning her musical career with the label.[254] Celebration reached number one in several countries, including Canada, Germany, Italy, and the United Kingdom.[255] She appeared at the 2009 MTV Video Music Awards to speak in tribute to deceased pop singer Michael Jackson.[256] Madonna ended the 2000s as the bestselling single artist of the decade in the U.S. and the most-played artist of the decade in the UK.[257][258] Billboard also announced her as the third top-touring artist of the decade—behind only the Rolling Stones and U2—with a gross of over $801 million, 6.3 million attendance and 244 sell-outs of 248 shows.[259] Madonna performed at the Hope for Haiti Now: A Global Benefit for Earthquake Relief concert in January 2010.[260] Her third live album, Sticky & Sweet Tour, was released in April, debuting at number ten on the Billboard 200.[58] It also became her 20th top-ten on the Oricon Albums Chart, breaking the Beatles' record for the most top-ten album by an international act in Japan.[261] Madonna granted American television show, Glee, the rights to her entire catalog of music, and the producers created an episode featuring her songs exclusively.[262] She also collaborated with Lourdes and released the Material Girl clothing line, inspired by her punk-girl style when she rose to fame in the 1980s.[263] In October, she opened a series of fitness centers around the world named Hard Candy Fitness,[264] and three months later unveiled a second fashion brand called Truth or Dare which included footwear, perfumes, underclothing, and accessories.[265] Madonna directed her second feature film, W.E., a biographical account about the affair between King Edward VIII and Wallis Simpson. Co-written with Alek Keshishian, the film was premiered at the 68th Venice International Film Festival in September 2011.[266] Critical and commercial response to the film was negative.[267][268] Madonna contributed the ballad "Masterpiece" for the film's soundtrack, which won her a Golden Globe Award for Best Original Song.[269] 2012–2017: Super Bowl XLVI halftime show, MDNA, and Rebel Heart A groupe of performers onstage, with Madonna and Cee Lo Green at the front. They are all wearing black costumes with red and white stripes. Madonna, joined by Cee Lo Green and a marching band, performing during the Super Bowl XLVI halftime show on February 5, 2012 In February 2012, Madonna headlined the Super Bowl XLVI halftime show at the Lucas Oil Stadium in Indianapolis, Indiana.[270] Her performance was visualized by Cirque Du Soleil and Jamie King and featured special guests LMFAO, Nicki Minaj, M.I.A. and CeeLo Green. It became the then most-watched Super Bowl halftime show in history with 114 million viewers, higher than the game itself.[271] During the event, she performed "Give Me All Your Luvin'", the lead single from her twelfth studio album, MDNA. It became her record-extending 38th top-ten single on the Billboard Hot 100.[272] MDNA was released in March 2012 and saw collaboration with various producers, including William Orbit and Martin Solveig.[273] It was her first release under her three-album deal with Interscope Records, which she signed as a part of her 360 deal with Live Nation.[274] She was signed to the record label since Live Nation was unable to distribute music recordings.[275] MDNA became Madonna's fifth consecutive studio record to debut at the top of the Billboard 200.[276] The album was mostly promoted by the MDNA Tour, which lasted from May to December 2012.[277] The tour featured controversial subjects such as violence, firearms, human rights, nudity and politics. With a gross of $305.2 million from 88 sold-out shows, it became the highest-grossing tour of 2012 and then-tenth highest-grossing tour of all time.[278] Madonna was named the top-earning celebrity of the year by Forbes, earning an estimated $125 million.[279] Madonna collaborated with Steven Klein and directed a 17-minute film, secretprojectrevolution, which was released on BitTorrent in September 2013.[280] With the film she launched the Art for Freedom initiative, which helped to promote "art and free speech as a means to address persecution and injustice across the globe". The website for the project included over 3,000 art related submissions since its inception, with Madonna regularly monitoring and enlisting other artists like David Blaine and Katy Perry as guest curators.[281] By 2013, Madonna's Raising Malawi had built ten schools to educate 4,000 children in Malawi at a value of $400,000.[282] When Madonna visited the schools in April 2013, President of Malawi Joyce Banda accused her of exaggerating the charity's contribution.[283] Madonna was saddened by Banda's statement, but clarified that she had "no intention of being distracted by these ridiculous allegations". It was later confirmed that Banda had not approved the statement released by her press team.[284] Madonna also visited her hometown Detroit during May 2014 and donated funds to help with the city's bankruptcy.[285] The same year, her business ventures extended to skin care products with the launch of MDNA Skin in Tokyo, Japan.[286] Madonna's thirteenth studio album, Rebel Heart, was released in March 2015, three months after its thirteen demos leaked onto the Internet.[287] Unlike her previous efforts, which involved only a few people, Madonna worked with a large number of collaborators, including Avicii, Diplo and Kanye West.[288][289] Introspection was listed as one of the foundational themes prevalent on the record, along with "genuine statements of personal and careerist reflection".[290] Madonna explained to Jon Pareles of The New York Times that although she has never looked back at her past endeavors, reminiscing about it felt right for Rebel Heart.[291] Music critics responded positively towards the album, calling it her best effort in a decade.[292] Madonna looking to her right while singing onstage, with her right hand on her waist. With 2015–2016's Rebel Heart Tour, Madonna extended her record as the highest-grossing solo touring artist with total gross of $1.131 billion; a record that began with 1990's Blond Ambition World Tour. From September 2015 to March 2016, Madonna embarked on the Rebel Heart Tour to promote the album. The tour traveled throughout North America, Europe and Asia and was Madonna's first visit to Australia in 23 years, where she also performed a one-off show for her fans.[293][294] Rebel Heart Tour grossed a total of $169.8 million from the 82 shows, with over 1.045 million ticket sales.[295] While on tour, Madonna became engaged in a legal battle with Ritchie, over the custody of their son Rocco. The dispute started when Rocco decided to continue living in England with Ritchie when the tour had visited there, while Madonna wanted him to travel with her. Court hearings took place in both New York and London. After multiple deliberations, Madonna withdrew her application for custody and decided to resolve the matter privately.[296] In October 2016, Billboard named Madonna its Woman of the Year. Her "blunt and brutally honest" speech about ageism and sexism at the ceremony received widespread coverage in the media.[297][298] The next month Madonna, who actively supported Hillary Clinton during the 2016 U.S. presidential election, performed an impromptu acoustic concert at Washington Square Park in support of Clinton's campaign.[299] Upset that Donald Trump won the election, Madonna spoke out against him at the Women's March on Washington, a day after his inauguration.[300] She sparked controversy when she said that she "thought a lot about blowing up the White House".[301] The following day, Madonna asserted she was "not a violent person" and that her words had been "taken wildly out of context".[302] In February 2017, Madonna adopted four-year-old twin sisters from Malawi named Estere and Stella,[303][304] and she moved to live in Lisbon, Portugal, in summer 2017 with her adoptive children.[305] In July, she opened the Mercy James Institute for Pediatric Surgery and Intensive Care in Malawi, a children's hospital built by her Raising Malawi charity.[306] The live album chronicling the Rebel Heart Tour was released in September 2017, and won Best Music Video for Western Artists at the 32nd Japan Gold Disc Award.[307][308] That month, Madonna launched MDNA Skin in select stores in the United States.[309] A few months earlier, the auction house Gotta Have Rock and Roll had put up Madonna's personal items like love letters from Tupac Shakur, cassettes, underwear and a hairbrush for sale. Darlene Lutz, an art dealer who had initiated the auction, was sued by Madonna's representatives to stop the proceedings. Madonna clarified that her celebrity status "does not obviate my right to maintain my privacy, including with regard to highly personal items". Madonna lost the case and the presiding judge ruled in favor of Lutz who was able to prove that in 2004 Madonna made a legal agreement with her for selling the items.[310] 2018–present: Madame X, catalog reissues, and The Celebration Tour Madonna singing onstage in front of a greenish backdrop, while wearing black costumes and an eye-patch. Madonna performing during one of the dates of the Madame X Tour While living in Lisbon, Madonna met Dino D'Santiago, who introduced her to many local musicians playing fado, morna, and samba music. They regularly invited her to their "living room sessions", thus she was inspired to make her 14th studio album, Madame X.[311] Madonna produced the album with several musicians, primarily her longtime collaborator Mirwais and Mike Dean.[312] The album was critically well received, with NME deeming it "bold, bizarre, self-referential and unlike anything Madonna has ever done before."[313] Released in June 2019, Madame X debuted atop the Billboard 200, becoming her ninth number-one album there.[314] All four of its singles—"Medellín", "Crave", "I Rise", and "I Don't Search I Find"—topped the Billboard Dance Club Songs chart, extending her record for most number-one entries on the chart.[315] The previous month, Madonna appeared as the interval act at the Eurovision Song Contest 2019 and performed "Like a Prayer", and then "Future" with rapper Quavo.[316] Her Madame X Tour, an all-theatre tour in select cities across North America and Europe, began on September 17, 2019. In addition to much smaller venues compared to her previous tours, she implemented a no-phone policy in order to maximize the intimacy of the concert.[317] According to Pollstar, the tour earned $51.4 million in ticket sales.[318] That December, Madonna started dating Ahlamalik Williams, a dancer who began accompanying her on the Rebel Heart Tour in 2015.[319][320] However, the Madame X Tour faced several cancellations due to her recurring knee injury, and eventually ended abruptly on March 8, 2020, three days before its planned final date, after the French government banned gatherings of more than 1,000 people due to COVID-19 pandemic.[321][322] She later admitted to testing positive for coronavirus antibodies,[323] and donated $1 million to the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to help fund research creating a new vaccine.[324] Madonna and Missy Elliott provided guest vocals on Dua Lipa's single "Levitating", from Lipa's 2020 remix album Club Future Nostalgia.[325] She also started work on a film biopic about her life, which she intended to direct.[326] Erin Cressida Wilson and Diablo Cody worked on the script at various points and Julia Garner was cast as Madonna before the project was abandoned.[326][327][328][329] Madonna released Madame X, a documentary film chronicling the tour of the same name, on Paramount+ in October 2021.[330] On her 63rd birthday, she officially announced her return to Warner in a global partnership which grants the label her entire recorded music catalog, including the last three albums released under Interscope. Under the contract, Madonna launched a series of catalog reissues beginning in 2022, to commemorate the 40th anniversary of her recording career. A remix album titled Finally Enough Love: 50 Number Ones was released on August 19, with an 16-track abridged edition being available for streaming since June 24.[331] Consisting of her 50 number-one songs on Billboard's Dance Club Songs chart, the remix album highlighted "how meaningful dance music has always been" to Madonna's career, and became her 23rd top-ten album on the Billboard 200.[332][333] In September 2022, Madonna released "Hung Up on Tokischa", a remix of "Hung Up", featuring rapper Tokischa. The song utilizes dembow.[334][335] On December 29, 2022, Madonna released the demo version of "Back That Up to the Beat" to all digital outlets. The song was originally recorded in 2015 sessions, with an alternative version being released on the deluxe 2-CD version of her 2019 Madame X album.[336] In January 2023, Madonna announced the Celebration Tour, her first greatest hits concert tour, which will run from July 2023 to January 2024 with special guest Bob the Drag Queen.[337] In March, it was announced that Madonna will collaborate on three songs of the Christine and the Queens album Paranoïa, Angels, True Love.[338] On June 2, 2023, Madonna collaborated with The Weeknd and Playboi Carti on the single "Popular", which was taken from the soundtrack to the drama series The Idol.[339][340][341][342] In January 2023, Madonna announced the Celebration Tour, her first greatest hits concert tour, which will run from July 2023 to January 2024 with special guest Bob the Drag Queen.[343] The following March, it was announced that she would collaborate on three songs of the Christine and the Queens album Paranoïa, Angels, True Love.[344] On June 2, 2023, Madonna collaborated with The Weeknd and Playboi Carti on the single "Popular", which was taken from the soundtrack to the drama series The Idol.[345][346][347][348] Later that month, she was hospitalized for five days in New York with a "serious bacterial infection" following a low-grade fever.[349] Artistry Influences Historians, musicians, and anthropologists trace her influences—from African American gospel music to Japanese fashion, Middle Eastern spirituality to feminist art history—and the ways she borrows, adapts, and interprets them —National Geographic Society on Madonna's influences.[350] According to Taraborrelli, the death of her mother had the most influence in shaping Madonna into the woman she would become. He believed that the devastation and abandonment Madonna felt at the loss of her mother taught her "a valuable lesson, that she would have to remain strong for herself because, she feared weakness—particularly her own."[5] Author Lucy O'Brien opines that the impact of the sexual assault Madonna suffered in her young adult years was the motivating factor behind everything she has done, more important than the death of her mother: "It's not so much grief at her mother's death that drives her, as the sense of abandonment that left her unprotected. She encountered her own worst possible scenario, becoming a victim of male violence, and thereafter turned that full-tilt into her work, reversing the equation at every opportunity."[351] Debbie Harry holding a standing microphone Chrissie Hynde playing guitar onstage Madonna was influenced by Debbie Harry (left) and Chrissie Hynde (right), whom she called "strong, independent women who wrote their own music and evolved on their own".[352] Madonna has called Nancy Sinatra one of her idols. She said Sinatra's "These Boots Are Made for Walkin'" made a major impression on her.[353] As a young woman, she attempted to broaden her taste in literature, art, and music, and during this time became interested in classical music. She noted that her favorite style was baroque, and loved Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Frédéric Chopin because she liked their "feminine quality".[354] Madonna's major influences include Debbie Harry, Chrissie Hynde, Karen Carpenter, the Supremes and Led Zeppelin, as well as dancers Martha Graham and Rudolf Nureyev.[352][355] She also grew up listening to David Bowie, whose show was the first rock concert she ever attended.[356] During her childhood, Madonna was inspired by actors, later saying, "I loved Carole Lombard and Judy Holliday and Marilyn Monroe. They were all incredibly funny, and they were silly and sweet and they were girls and they were feminine and sexy. I just saw myself in them, my funniness and my need to boss people around and at the same time be taken care of. My girlishness. My knowingness and my innocence. Both."[353] Her "Material Girl" music video recreated Monroe's look in the song "Diamonds Are a Girl's Best Friend", from the film Gentlemen Prefer Blondes (1953). She studied the screwball comedies of the 1930s, particularly those of Lombard, in preparation for the film Who's That Girl. The video for "Express Yourself" (1989) was inspired by Fritz Lang's silent film Metropolis (1927). The video for "Vogue" recreated the style of Hollywood glamour photographs, in particular those by Horst P. Horst, and imitated the poses of Marlene Dietrich, Carole Lombard, and Rita Hayworth, while the lyrics referred to many of the stars who had inspired her, including Bette Davis, described by Madonna as an idol.[114][357] Influences also came to her from the art world, such as through the works of Mexican artist Frida Kahlo.[358] The music video of the song "Bedtime Story" featured images inspired by the paintings of Kahlo and Remedios Varo.[359] Madonna is also a collector of Tamara de Lempicka's Art Deco paintings and has included them in her music videos and tours.[360] Her video for "Hollywood" (2003) was an homage to the work of photographer Guy Bourdin; Bourdin's son subsequently filed a lawsuit for unauthorized use of his father's work.[361] Pop artist Andy Warhol's use of sadomasoch*stic imagery in his underground films were reflected in the music videos for "Erotica" and "Deeper and Deeper".[362] Madonna's Catholic background has been reflected throughout her career, from her fashion use of rosary to her musical outputs, including on Like a Prayer (1989).[363][364] Her album MDNA (2012) has also drawn many influences from her Catholic upbringing, and since 2011 she has been attending meetings and services at an Opus Dei center, a Catholic institution that encourages spirituality through everyday life.[365] In a 2016 interview, she commented: "I always feel some kind of inexplicable connection with Catholicism. It kind of shows up in all of my work, as you may have noticed."[366] Her study of the Kabbalah was also observed in Madonna's music, especially albums like Ray of Light and Music.[367] Speaking of religion in a 2019 interview with Harry Smith of Today Madonna stated, "The God that I believe in, created the world ... He/Her/They [sic] isn't a God to fear, it's a God to give thanks to." In an appearance on Andrew Denton's Interview she added, "The idea that in any church you go, you see a man on a cross and everyone genuflects and prays to him ... in a way it's paganism/idolatry because people are worshipping a thing."[368][369] Musical style and composition [Madonna] is a brilliant pop melodist and lyricist. I was knocked out by the quality of the writing [during Ray of Light sessions]... I know she grew up on Joni Mitchell and Motown, and to my ears she embodies the best of both worlds. She is a wonderful confessional songwriter, as well as being a superb hit chorus pop writer. —Rick Nowels, on co-writing with Madonna.[370] Madonna's music has been the subject of much analysis and scrutiny. Robert M. Grant, author of Contemporary Strategy Analysis (2005), commented that Madonna's musical career has been a continuous experimentation with new musical ideas and new images and a constant quest for new heights of fame and acclaim.[371] Thomas Harrison in the book Pop Goes the Decade: The Eighties deemed Madonna "an artist who pushed the boundaries" of what a female singer could do, both visually and lyrically.[372] Professor Santiago Fouz-Hernández asserted, "While not gifted with an especially powerful or wide-ranging voice, Madonna has worked to expand her artistic palette to encompass diverse musical, textual and visual styles and various vocal guises, all with the intention of presenting herself as a mature musician."[373] Madonna has remained in charge in every aspect of her career, including as a writer and producer in most of her own music.[374][375] Her desire for control had already been seen during the making of her debut album, where she fought Reggie Lucas over his production output. However, it was not until her third album that Warner allowed Madonna to produce her own album.[376] Stan Hawkins, author of Settling the Pop Score explained, "it is as musician and producer that Madonna is one of the few female artists to have broken into the male domain of the recording studio. Undoubtedly, Madonna is fully aware that women have been excluded from the musical workplace on most levels, and has set out to change this."[377] Producer Stuart Price stated: "You don't produce Madonna, you collaborate with her... She has her vision and knows how to get it."[378] Despite being labeled a "control freak", Madonna has said that she valued input from her collaborators.[379] She further explained: I like to have control over most of the things in my career but I'm not a tyrant. I don't have to have it on my album that it's written, arranged, produced, directed, and stars Madonna. To me, to have total control means you can lose objectivity. What I like is to be surrounded by really, talented intelligent people that you can trust. And ask them for their advice and get their input.[380] Madonna's early songwriting skill was developed during her time with the Breakfast Club in 1979.[381] She subsequently became the sole writer of five songs on her debut album, including "Lucky Star" which she composed on synthesizer.[382] As a songwriter, Madonna has registered more than 300 tracks to ASCAP, including 18 songs written entirely by herself.[383] Rolling Stone has named her "an exemplary songwriter with a gift for hooks and indelible lyrics."[384] Despite having worked with producers across many genres, the magazine noted that Madonna's compositions have been "consistently stamped with her own sensibility and inflected with autobiographical detail."[385] Patrick Leonard, who co-wrote many of her hit songs, called Madonna "a helluva songwriter", explaining: "Her sensibility about melodic line—from the beginning of the verse to the end of the verse and how the verse and the chorus influence each other—is very deep. Many times she's singing notes that no one would've thought of but her."[386] Barry Walters from Spin credited her songwriting as the reason of her musical consistency.[387] Madonna has been nominated for being inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame three times.[388] In 2015, Rolling Stone ranked Madonna at number 56 on the "100 Greatest Songwriters of All Time" list.[385] "Live to Tell" (1986) 0:30 Madonna wrote all the lyrics and partial melodies of "Live to Tell", an adult contemporary ballad, which was noted as her first musical reinvention.[389] "Ray of Light" (1998) 0:30 An uptempo electronic dance song, "Ray of Light" showcases Madonna's post-Evita upper vocal register.[390] Problems playing these files? See media help. Madonna's discography is generally categorized as pop, electronica, and dance.[391][392] Nevertheless, Madonna's first foray into the music industry was dabbling in rock music with Breakfast Club and Emmy.[393] As the frontwoman of Emmy, Madonna recorded about 12–14 songs that resemble the punk rock of that period.[381] Madonna soon abandoned playing rock songs by the time she signed to Gotham Records, which eventually dropped her since they were unhappy with her new funk direction.[394] According to Erlewine, Madonna began her career as a disco diva, in an era that did not have any such divas to speak of. In the beginning of the 1980s, disco was an anathema to the mainstream pop, and Madonna had a huge role in popularizing dance music as mainstream music.[395] Arie Kaplan in the book American Pop: Hit Makers, Superstars, and Dance Revolutionaries referred to Madonna as "a pioneer" of dance-pop.[396] According to Fouz-Hernández, "Madonna's frequent use of dance idioms and subsequent association with gay or sexually liberated audiences, is seen as somehow inferior to 'real' rock and roll. But Madonna's music refuses to be defined by narrow boundaries of gender, sexuality or anything else."[373] The "cold and emotional" ballad "Live to Tell", as well as its parent album True Blue (1986), is noted as Madonna's first musical reinvention.[389] PopMatters writer Peter Piatkowski described it as a "very deliberate effort to present Madonna as a mature and serious artist."[397] She continued producing ballads in between her upbeat material, although albums such as Madonna (1983) and Confessions on a Dance Floor (2005) consist of entirely dance tracks.[398][399] With Ray of Light (1998), critics acknowledged Madonna for bringing electronica from its underground status into massive popularity in mainstream music scene.[400] Her other sonically drastic ventures include the 1930s big-band jazz on I'm Breathless (1990);[401] lush R&B on Bedtime Stories (1994);[402] operatic show tunes on Evita (1996);[403] guitar-driven folk music on American Life (2003);[404] as well as multilingual world music on Madame X (2019).[405] Voice and instruments Madonna in a silver dress, playing electric guitar Madonna playing the guitar riff of "A New Level" by heavy metal band Pantera during the 2008 Sticky & Sweet Tour[406] Possessing a mezzo-soprano vocal range,[407][408] Madonna has always been self-conscious about her voice.[409] Mark Bego, author of Madonna: Blonde Ambition, called her "the perfect vocalist for lighter-than-air songs", despite not being a "heavyweight talent".[410] According to Tony Sclafani from MSNBC, "Madonna's vocals are the key to her rock roots. Pop vocalists usually sing songs 'straight', but Madonna employs subtext, irony, aggression and all sorts of vocal idiosyncrasies in the ways John Lennon and Bob Dylan did."[393] Madonna used a bright, girlish vocal timbre in her early albums which became passé in her later works. The change was deliberate since she was constantly reminded of how the critics had once labeled her as "Minnie Mouse on helium".[409] During the filming of Evita (1996), Madonna had to take vocal lessons, which increased her range further. Of this experience she commented, "I studied with a vocal coach for Evita and I realized there was a whole piece of my voice I wasn't using. Before, I just believed I had a really limited range and was going to make the most of it."[390] Besides singing, Madonna has the ability to play several musical instruments. Piano was the first instrument taught to her as a child.[27] In the late 1970s, she learned to play drum and guitar from her then-boyfriend Dan Gilroy, before joining the Breakfast Club lineup as the drummer.[411] She later played guitar with the band Emmy as well as on her own demo recordings.[412] After her career breakthrough, Madonna was absent performing with guitar for years, but she is credited for playing cowbell on Madonna (1983) and synthesizer on Like a Prayer (1989).[375] In 1999, Madonna had studied for three months to play the violin for the role as a violin teacher in the film Music of the Heart, but she eventually left the project before filming began.[413] Madonna decided to perform with guitar again during the promotion of Music (2000) and recruited guitarist Monte Pittman to help improve her skill.[414] Since then, Madonna has played guitar on every tour, as well as her studio albums.[375] She received a nomination for Les Paul Horizon Award at the 2002 Orville H. Gibson Guitar Awards.[415] Music videos and performances See also: Madonna videography In The Madonna Companion, biographers Allen Metz and Carol Benson noted that Madonna had used MTV and music videos to establish her popularity and enhance her recorded work more than any other recent pop artist.[416] According to them, many of her songs have the imagery of the music video in strong context, while referring to the music. Cultural critic Mark C. Taylor in his book Nots (1993) felt that the postmodern art form par excellence is the video and the reigning "queen of video" is Madonna. He further asserted that "the most remarkable creation of MTV is Madonna. The responses to Madonna's excessively provocative videos have been predictably contradictory."[417] The media and public reaction towards her most-discussed songs such as "Papa Don't Preach", "Like a Prayer", or "Justify My Love" had to do with the music videos created to promote the songs and their impact, rather than the songs themselves.[416] Morton felt that "artistically, Madonna's songwriting is often overshadowed by her striking pop videos."[418] In 2003, MTV named her "The Greatest Music Video Star Ever" and said that "Madonna's innovation, creativity, and contribution to the music video art form is what won her the award."[419][420] In 2020, Billboard ranked her atop the 100 Greatest Music Video Artists of All Time.[421] Madonna dancing with a group of dancers wearing black outfits Madonna in a jeweled black dress playing a ukulele while singing to a microphone Madonna's live performances vary from choreographed routines such as voguing (above) to stripped-down ones with only a ukulele (below). Madonna's initial music videos reflected her American and Hispanic mixed street style combined with a flamboyant glamor.[416] She was able to transmit her avant-garde Downtown Manhattan fashion sense to the American audience.[422] The imagery and incorporation of Hispanic culture and Catholic symbolism continued with the music videos from the True Blue era.[423] Author Douglas Kellner noted, "such 'multiculturalism' and her culturally transgressive moves turned out to be highly successful moves that endeared her to large and varied youth audiences."[424] Madonna's Spanish look in the videos became the fashion trend of that time, in the form of boleros and layered skirts, accessorizing with rosary beads and a crucifix as in the video of "La Isla Bonita".[425][426] Academics noted that with her videos, Madonna was subtly reversing the usual role of male as the dominant sex.[427] This symbolism and imagery was probably the most prevalent in the music video for "Like a Prayer". The video included scenes of an African-American church choir, Madonna being attracted to a black saint statue, and singing in front of burning crosses.[428] Madonna's acting performances in films have frequently received poor reviews from film critics. Stephanie Zacharek stated in Time that, "[Madonna] seems wooden and unnatural as an actress, and it's tough to watch because she's clearly trying her damnedest." According to biographer Andrew Morton, "Madonna puts a brave face on the criticism, but privately she is deeply hurt."[429] After the critically panned box-office bomb Swept Away (2002), Madonna vowed never to act again in a film.[430][431] While reviewing her career retrospective titled Body of Work (2016) at New York's Metrograph hall, The Guardian's Nigel M. Smith wrote that Madonna's film career suffered mostly due to lack of proper material supplied to her, and she otherwise "could steal a scene for all the right reasons".[432] Metz noted that Madonna represents a paradox as she is often perceived as living her whole life as a performance. While her big-screen performances are panned, her live performances are critical successes.[433] Madonna was the first artist to have her concert tours as reenactments of her music videos. Author Elin Diamond explained that reciprocally, the fact that images from Madonna's videos can be recreated in a live setting enhances the original videos' realism. She believed that "her live performances have become the means by which mediatized representations are naturalized".[434] Taraborrelli said that encompassing multimedia, latest technology and sound systems, Madonna's concerts and live performances are "extravagant show piece[s], [and] walking art show[s]."[435] Chris Nelson from The New York Times commented that "artists like Madonna and Janet Jackson set new standards for showmanship, with concerts that included not only elaborate costumes and precision-timed pyrotechnics but also highly athletic dancing. These effects came at the expense of live singing."[436] Thor Christensen of The Dallas Morning News commented that while Madonna earned a reputation for lip-syncing during her 1990 Blond Ambition World Tour, she has subsequently reorganized her performances by "stay[ing] mostly still during her toughest singing parts and [leaves] the dance routines to her backup troupe ... [r]ather than try to croon and dance up a storm at the same time."[437] To allow for greater movement while dancing and singing, Madonna was one of the earliest adopters of hands-free radio-frequency headset microphones, with the headset fastened over the ears or the top of the head, and the microphone capsule on a boom arm that extended to the mouth. Because of her prominent usage, the microphone design came to be known as the "Madonna mic".[438][439] Legacy Main articles: Cultural impact of Madonna and Madonna (nickname) She's a major historical figure and when she passes, the retrospectives will loom larger and larger in history. —Academic Camille Paglia on Madonna (2017).[440] Madonna has built a legacy that transcends music and has been studied by sociologists, historians, and other scholars, contributing to the rise of Madonna studies, a subfield of American cultural studies.[441][442][443] According to Rodrigo Fresán, "saying that Madonna is just a pop star is as inappropriate as saying that Coca-Cola is just a soda. Madonna is one of the classic symbols of Made in USA."[444] Rolling Stone Spain wrote, "She became the first master of viral pop in history, years before the internet was massively used. Madonna was everywhere; in the almighty music television channels, 'radio formulas', magazine covers and even in bookstores. A pop dialectic, never seen since the Beatles's reign, which allowed her to keep on the edge of trend and commerciality."[445] William Langley from The Daily Telegraph felt that "Madonna has changed the world's social history, has done more things as more different people than anyone else is ever likely to."[446] Professor Diane Pecknold noted that "nearly any poll of the biggest, greatest, or best in popular culture includes [Madonna's] name".[443] In 2012, VH1 ranked Madonna as the greatest woman in music.[447] A wax figure with a long ponytail and her large cone bra Wax figure of Madonna at Madame Tussauds museum in Hong Kong Spin writer Bianca Gracie stated that "the 'Queen of Pop' isn't enough to describe Madonna—she is Pop. [She] formulated the blueprint of what a pop star should be."[448] According to Sclafani, "It's worth noting that before Madonna, most music mega-stars were guy rockers; after her, almost all would be female singers ... When the Beatles hit America, they changed the paradigm of performer from solo act to band. Madonna changed it back—with an emphasis on the female."[449] Howard Kramer, curatorial director of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, asserted that "Madonna and the career she carved out for herself made possible virtually every other female pop singer to follow ... She certainly raised the standards of all of them ... She redefined what the parameters were for female performers."[450] Andy Bennett and Steve Waksman, authors of The SAGE Handbook of Popular Music (2014), noted that "almost all female pop stars of recent years—Britney Spears, Beyoncé, Rihanna, Katy Perry, Lady Gaga, and others—acknowledge the important influence of Madonna on their own careers."[391] Madonna has also influenced male artists, inspiring rock frontmen Liam Gallagher of Oasis and Chester Bennington of Linkin Park to become musicians.[451][452] Madonna's use of sexual imagery has benefited her career and catalyzed public discourse on sexuality and feminism.[453] The Times wrote that she had "started a revolution amongst women in music ... Her attitudes and opinions on sex, nudity, style, and sexuality forced the public to sit up and take notice."[454] Professor John Fiske noted that the sense of empowerment that Madonna offers is inextricably connected with the pleasure of exerting some control over the meanings of self, of sexuality, and of one's social relations.[455] In Doing Gender in Media, Art and Culture (2009), the authors noted that Madonna, as a female celebrity, performer, and pop icon, can unsettle standing feminist reflections and debates.[456] According to lesbian feminist Sheila Jeffreys, Madonna represents woman's occupancy of what Monique Wittig calls the category of sex, as powerful, and appears to gleefully embrace the performance of the sexual corvée allotted to women.[457] Professor Sut Jhally has referred to her as "an almost sacred feminist icon".[458] Writing for The Guardian, Matt Cain stated that Madonna has "broke[n] down social barriers" and brought marginalized groups to the forefront, by frequently featuring LGBT, Latino, and black culture in her works.[459] An author said that "by making culture generally available, Madonna becomes the culture of all social classes".[460] Canadian professor Karlene Faith gave her point of view saying that Madonna's peculiarity is that "she has cruised so freely through so many cultural terrains" and she "has been a 'cult figure' within self-propelling subcultures just as she became a major."[461] GLAAD president Sarah Kate Ellis stated that Madonna "always has and always will be the LGBTQ community's greatest ally,"[462] while The Advocate dubbed her as "the greatest gay icon".[463] Madonna has received acclaim as a role model for businesswomen, "achieving the kind of financial control that women had long fought for within the industry", and generating over $1.2 billion in sales within the first decade of her career.[464] According to Gini Gorlinski in the book The 100 Most Influential Musicians of All Time (2010), Madonna's levels of power and control were "unprecedented" for a woman in the entertainment industry.[465] London Business School academics called her a "dynamic entrepreneur" worth copying; they identified her vision of success, her understanding of the music industry, her ability to recognize her own performance limits (and thus bring in help), her willingness to work hard and her ability to adapt as the keys to her commercial success.[466] Morton wrote that "Madonna is opportunistic, manipulative, and ruthless—somebody who won't stop until she gets what she wants—and that's something you can get at the expense of maybe losing your close ones. But that hardly mattered to her."[467] Awards and achievements Main articles: List of awards and nominations received by Madonna and List of Madonna records and achievements Madonna's handprints in concrete Madonna was the first person to be inducted into the Wembley Square of Fame in London, England.[468] Madonna's net worth is estimated between US$590 million to $800 million.[469][470] Forbes has named her the annual top-earning female musician 11 times across the 1980s,[471] 1990s,[472] 2000s,[473] and 2010s.[279] She has sold over 300 million records worldwide.[474][475] The Guinness World Records acknowledged her as the bestselling female music artist of all time.[476] According to the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA), she is the bestselling female rock artist of the 20th century and the third highest-certified female albums artist in the United States, with 64.5 million certified album units.[477][478] She has the most RIAA multi-platinum albums by a female artist, with 12 releases (tying with Barbra Streisand).[479] Madonna had generated over US$1.5 billion from ticket sales of her concert tours throughout her career.[480] According to Billboard Boxscore, she is the highest-grossing female touring artist of all time, grossing over $1.376 billion between 1990 and 2020.[481] Madonna also remains the only woman in history to have two solo concerts with 100,000 sold tickets; her Who's That Girl World Tour's concert in Parc de Sceaux, Paris, drew over 130,000 audience, while her Girlie Show's concert in Maracanã Stadium, Rio de Janeiro, drew over 120,000 audience.[87][482] She has also won seven Grammy Awards and twenty MTV Video Music Awards, including the 1986 Video Vanguard Award for which she became the first female recipient.[483][484] According to Billboard, Madonna is the most successful solo artist in the Hot 100 chart history (second overall behind the Beatles) and the most successful dance club artist of all time.[485][486] With a total of 50 Dance Club Songs chart-toppers, Madonna became the artist with the most number ones on any singular Billboard chart, pulling ahead of George Strait with 44 number-one songs on the Hot Country Songs chart.[315] She has also scored 38 top-ten singles on the Hot 100; she held the record among all artists for nearly two decades (between 2002 and 2020), before being overtaken by Drake and by Taylor Swift in 2022 among females.[487][488][489] Internationally, Madonna holds the record for the most number-one singles by a female artist in Australia (11),[490] Canada (25),[491][492] Italy (23),[493][494] Finland (7),[495] Spain (21),[496][497] and the United Kingdom (13).[498] At the 40th anniversary of the GfK Media Control Charts, Madonna was ranked as the most successful singles artist in German chart history.[499] Discography Main articles: Madonna albums discography, Madonna singles discography, and List of songs recorded by Madonna Madonna (1983) Like a Virgin (1984) True Blue (1986) Like a Prayer (1989) Erotica (1992) Bedtime Stories (1994) Ray of Light (1998) Music (2000) American Life (2003) Confessions on a Dance Floor (2005) Hard Candy (2008) MDNA (2012) Rebel Heart (2015) Madame X (2019) Filmography Main article: Madonna filmography Films starred Desperately Seeking Susan (1985) A Certain Sacrifice (1985) Shanghai Surprise (1986) Who's That Girl (1987) Bloodhounds of Broadway (1989) Dick Tracy (1990) Madonna: Truth or Dare (1991) A League of Their Own (1992) Body of Evidence (1993) Dangerous Game (1993) Four Rooms (1995) Evita (1996) The Next Best Thing (2000) Swept Away (2002) I'm Going to Tell You a Secret (2005) Arthur and the Invisibles (2006) Madame X (2021) Films directed Filth and Wisdom (2008) W.E. (2011) Tours Main article: List of Madonna concerts The Virgin Tour (1985) Who's That Girl World Tour (1987) Blond Ambition World Tour (1990) The Girlie Show (1993) Drowned World Tour (2001) Re-Invention World Tour (2004) Confessions Tour (2006) Sticky & Sweet Tour (2008–2009) The MDNA Tour (2012) Rebel Heart Tour (2015–2016) Madame X Tour (2019–2020) Madonna: The Celebration Tour (2023–2024) Enterprises See also: Madonna fashion brands Boy Toy, Inc[500] Siren Films[500] slu*tco[500] Webo Girl Publishing, Inc (1992)[501] Maverick (1992–2004) Ray of Light Foundation (1998) Raising Malawi (2006) Hard Candy Fitness (2010–2019) Truth or Dare by Madonna (2011–2018) See also Biography portal icon Pop music portal flag United States portal Forbes Celebrity 100 Forbes Top 40 List of dancers List of most expensive divorces List of organisms named after famous people (born 1950–present) List of Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inductees Philanthropy and activism of Madonna Notes Madonna goes by her first name, and has used the name and trademark since 1979 according to the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO).[1] References "Madonna wins domain name battle". 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Sterling Publishing. ISBN 978-0-8069-5791-3. Bronson, Fred (2002). The Billboard Book of Number 1 Hits. Billboard books. ISBN 978-0-8230-7677-2. Brackett, Nathan; Hoard, Christian (2004). The New Rolling Stone Album Guide. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-7432-0169-8. Buikema, Rosemarie; van der Tuin, Iris (2009). Doing Gender in Media, Art and Culture. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 978-0-203-87680-0. Claro, Nicole (1994). Madonna. Chelsea House Publishers. ISBN 978-0-7910-2330-3. Clerk, Carol (2002). Madonnastyle. Omnibus Press. ISBN 978-0-7119-8874-3. Cross, Mary (2007). Madonna: A Biography. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-313-33811-3. Dean, Maury (2003). Rock 'n' Roll Gold Rush: A Singles Un-Cyclopedia. Algora Publishing. ISBN 978-0-87586-207-1. Diamond, Elin (1996). Performance and Cultural Politics. Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-12767-7. Erlewine, Stephen Thomas; Bogdanov, Vladimir; Woodstra, Chris (2002). AllMusic Guide to Rock: The Definitive Guide to Rock, Pop, and Soul. Hal Leonard Corporation. p. 1399. ISBN 978-0-87930-653-3. Jeffreys, Sheila (2005). Beauty and Misogyny: Harmful Cultural Practices In The West. Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-35183-6. Fiske, John (1989). Reading the popular. Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-07875-7. Fouz-Hernández, Santiago; Jarman-Ivens, Freya (2004). Madonna's Drowned Worlds. Ashgate Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7546-3372-3. Friskics-Warren, Bill (2006). I'll Take You There: Pop Music and the Urge for Transcendence. Continuum International Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-8264-1921-7. George-Warren, Holly; Romanowski, Patricia; Pareles, Jon, eds. (2001). The Rolling Stone Encyclopedia of Rock & Roll. Fireside. ISBN 978-0-7432-0120-9. Glenday, Craig (1998). Guinness World Records 1998. Jim Pattison Group. ISBN 978-0-85112-070-6. Glenday, Craig (2007). Guinness World Records 2007. Bantam Books. ISBN 978-0-553-58992-4. Gnojewski, Carol (2007). Madonna: Express Yourself. Enslow Publishers. ISBN 978-0-7660-2442-7. Gorlinski, Gini (2010). The 100 Most Influential Musicians of All Time. Rosen Publishing Group. ISBN 978-1-61530-056-3. Grant, Robert M. (2005). Contemporary Strategy Analysis. Wiley-Blackwell. ISBN 978-1-4051-1999-3. Guilbert, Georges-Claude (2002). Madonna as Postmodern Myth. McFarland. ISBN 978-0-7864-1408-6. Guralnick, Peter; Wolk, Douglas (2000). Best Music Writing. Da Capo Press. ISBN 978-0-306-80999-6. Hall, Dennis (2006). American Icons. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 0-313-02767-6. Harrison, Thomas (2017). Pop Goes the Decade: The Eighties. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-1-4408-3667-1. Hawkins, Stan (2017). Settling the Pop Score: Pop Texts and Identity Politics. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-351-54910-3. Horton, Ros; Simmons, Sally (2007). Women Who Changed the World. Quercus. ISBN 978-1-84724-026-2. Jhally, Sut (2006). The Spectacle of Accumulation: Essays in Culture, Media, And Politics. Peter Lang. ISBN 978-0-8204-7904-0. Kellner, Douglas (1995). Media Culture: Cultural Studies, Identity, and Politics Between the Modern and the Postmodern. Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-10570-5. Kramarae, Cheris; Spender, Dale (2000). Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women: Global Women's Issues and Knowledge. Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-92091-9. Landrum, Gene N. (2007). Paranoia & Power: Fear & Fame of Entertainment Icons. Morgan James Publishing. ISBN 978-1-60037-273-5. Leonard, George J.; D'Acierno, Pellegrino (1998). The Italian American Heritage: A Companion to Literature and Arts. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 978-0-8153-0380-0. McFarlan, Donald (1992). The Guinness Book of Records 1992. ISBN 978-0-85112-378-3. Metz, Allen; Benson, Carol (1999). The Madonna Companion: Two Decades of Commentary. Music Sales Group. ISBN 978-0-8256-7194-4. Morton, Andrew (2001). Madonna. London: Michael O'Mara Books. ISBN 978-1-85479-888-6. O'Brien, Lucy (2007). Madonna: Like an Icon. HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-593-05547-2. Pitts, Michael (2004). Famous Movie Detectives. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0-8108-3690-7. Rettenmund, Matthew (1995). Madonnica: The Woman & The Icon From A To Z. Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-312-11782-5. Miklitsch, Robert (1998). From Hegel to Madonna. SUNY Press. ISBN 0791435407. Michael, Mick St. (2004). Madonna talking: Madonna in Her Own Words. Omnibus Press. ISBN 978-1-84449-418-7. Rooksby, Rikky (2004). The Complete Guide to the Music of Madonna. Omnibus Press. ISBN 978-0-7119-9883-4. Salaverri, Fernando (September 2005). Sólo éxitos: año a año, 1959–2002 (1st ed.). Spain: Fundación Autor-SGAE. ISBN 84-8048-639-2. Taraborrelli, J. Randy (2002). Madonna: An Intimate Biography. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-7432-2880-0. Taylor, Mark C. (1993). Nots. University of Chicago Press. ISBN 978-0-226-79131-9. Tetzlaff, David (1993). Metatextual Girl. Westview Press. ISBN 978-0-8133-1396-2. Victor, Barbara (2001). Goddess, Inside Madonna. Cliff Street Books. ISBN 978-0-06-019930-2. Voller, Debbie (1999). Madonna: The Style Book. Omnibus Press. ISBN 978-0-7119-7511-8. Welton, Donn (1998). Body and Flesh: A Philosophical Reader. Wiley-Blackwell. ISBN 978-1-57718-126-2. Zollo, Paul (2003), Songwriters on Songwriting, Da Capo Press, ISBN 978-0-306-81265-1 External links Madonna at Wikipedia's sister projects Media from Commons Quotations from Wikiquote Data from Wikidata Official website Edit this at Wikidata Madonna at AllMovie Madonna at AllMusic Madonna at Curlie Madonna at IMDb "Madonna". Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Edit this at Wikidata Madonna at the TCM Movie Database Edit this at Wikidata vte Madonna AlbumsSongs SinglesUnreleasedConcertsVideosFilmsBooksFashion brandsAwardsAchievementsCultural impact Studio albums MadonnaLike a VirginTrue BlueLike a PrayerEroticaBedtime StoriesRay of LightMusicAmerican LifeConfessions on a Dance FloorHard CandyMDNARebel HeartMadame X Soundtrack albums Who's That GirlI'm BreathlessEvita Live albums I'm Going to Tell You a SecretThe Confessions TourSticky & Sweet TourMDNA World TourRebel Heart TourMadame X: Music from the Theater Xperience Compilation albums You Can DanceThe Immaculate CollectionSomething to RememberGHV2Remixed & RevisitedCelebrationFinally Enough Love: 50 Number Ones Limited releases Like a Virgin & Other Big Hits!The Complete Studio Albums (1983–2008) Video releases MadonnaMadonna Live: The Virgin TourCiao Italia: Live from ItalyThe Immaculate CollectionBlond Ambition World Tour LiveThe Girlie Show: Live Down UnderThe Video Collection 93:99Drowned World Tour 2001The Confessions TourCelebration: The Video CollectionSticky & Sweet TourMDNA World TourRebel Heart Tour Concerts and tours The Virgin TourWho's That Girl World TourBlond Ambition World TourThe Girlie ShowDrowned World TourRe-Invention World TourConfessions TourSticky & Sweet TourThe MDNA TourRebel Heart TourTears of a ClownMadame X TourThe Celebration Tour Films directed Filth and WisdomW.E.secretprojectrevolutionLittle Sparrow Documentaries Truth or DareI'm Going to Tell You a SecretI Am Because We AreMadame X Television Appearance on the Late Show with David Letterman in 1994Super Bowl XLVI halftime show Books SexThe English RosesMr. Peabody's ApplesYakov and the Seven ThievesThe Adventures of AbdiLotsa de Casha Companies and brands MaverickRay of Light FoundationRaising MalawiHard Candy FitnessTruth or Dare by Madonna Works about Madonna Cover versionsTribute albums Madonna by Alisha ChinaiThrough the WildernessGlee: The Music, The Power of MadonnaA Panel of Experts"Like a Surgeon"Medusa: Dare to Be TruthfulMadonna: Innocence Lost"If Madonna Calls"Madonna: An Intimate BiographyMadonna (book)"Do It with Madonna""She's Madonna"Madonna: Like an IconLife with My Sister Madonna"The Power of Madonna"Strike a PoseMadonnaland Impact and legacy Academic studies BibliographyScholarly articlesContemporary artsEchiniscus madonnaeFandomFashionFeminismGay iconImpersonatorMadonna (nickname)Madonna wannabePhilanthropyRadio 1 controversyReligionSexuality Related articles Breakfast ClubChristopher CicconeLourdes LeonMadonna (name)Sean PennPre-MadonnaGuy Ritchie Category vte Madonna songs SinglesSongsCoversUnreleased songs 1980s singles "Everybody""Burning Up""Holiday""Lucky Star""Borderline""Like a Virgin""Material Girl""Crazy for You""Angel""Into the Groove""Dress You Up""Gambler""Live to Tell""Papa Don't Preach""True Blue""Open Your Heart""La Isla Bonita""Who's That Girl""Causing a Commotion""The Look of Love""Spotlight""Like a Prayer""Express Yourself""Cherish""Oh Father""Dear Jessie" 1990s singles "Keep It Together""Vogue""Hanky Panky""Justify My Love""Rescue Me""This Used to Be My Playground""Erotica""Deeper and Deeper""Bad Girl""Fever""Rain""Bye Bye Baby""I'll Remember""Secret""Take a Bow""Bedtime Story""Human Nature""You'll See""One More Chance""Love Don't Live Here Anymore""You Must Love Me""Don't Cry for Me Argentina""Another Suitcase in Another Hall""Frozen""Ray of Light""Drowned World/Substitute for Love""The Power of Good-Bye""Nothing Really Matters""Beautiful Stranger" 2000s singles "American Pie""Music""Don't Tell Me""What It Feels Like for a Girl""Die Another Day""American Life""Hollywood""Me Against the Music""Nothing Fails""Love Profusion""Hung Up""Sorry""Get Together""Jump""4 Minutes""Give It 2 Me""Miles Away""Celebration""Revolver" 2010s singles "Give Me All Your Luvin'""Girl Gone Wild""Masterpiece""Turn Up the Radio""Living for Love""Ghosttown""Bitch I'm Madonna""Hold Tight""Medellín""Crave""I Rise" 2020s singles "I Don't Search I Find""Levitating (The Blessed Madonna remix)""Frozen (Sickick remixes)""Break My Soul (The Queens remix)""Back That Up to the Beat""Popular""Vulgar" Promotional singles "You Can Dance (LP Cuts)""Erotic""I Want You""Sky Fits Heaven""Impressive Instant""GHV2 Megamix""Into the Hollywood Groove""Nobody Knows Me""Imagine""Hey You""Superstar""Future""Dark Ballet""Material Gworrllllllll""Hung Up on Tokischa" Other songs recorded "Santa Baby""Sooner or Later""Oh What a Circus""Sing""Beat Goes On""Gang Bang""I Don't Give A""Devil Pray""Unapologetic Bitch""Illuminati""Joan of Arc""Iconic""Holy Water""Wash All Over Me""Rebel Heart""God Control""Batuka" Other songs written "Sidewalk Talk""Each Time You Break My Heart""Just a Dream""Love Won't Wait""The Greatest Hit""Don't Wanna Lose This Feeling""Go Hard""Who's That Chick?""Mamacita" Category Template Awards for Madonna vte American Music Award for Artist of the Year TLC (1996)Garth Brooks (1999)NSYNC (2001)U2 (2002)Madonna (2003)Kenny Chesney (2004)Kelly Clarkson (2005)Rascal Flatts (2006)Carrie Underwood (2007)Chris Brown (2008)Taylor Swift (2009)Justin Bieber (2010)Taylor Swift (2011)Justin Bieber (2012)Taylor Swift (2013)One Direction (2014)One Direction (2015)Ariana Grande (2016)Bruno Mars (2017)Taylor Swift (2018)Taylor Swift (2019)Taylor Swift (2020)BTS (2021)Taylor Swift (2022) vte Billboard Year-End Top Artist 1981–1999 1981: REO Speedwagon1982: The Go-Go's1983: Michael Jackson1984: Lionel Richie1985: Madonna1986: Whitney Houston1987: Bon Jovi1988: George Michael1989: New Kids on the Block1990: New Kids on the Block1991: Mariah Carey1992: Garth Brooks1993: Garth Brooks1994: Ace of Base1995: TLC1996: Alanis Morissette1997: LeAnn Rimes1998: Usher1999: Backstreet Boys 2000–2019 2000: Destiny's Child2001: Destiny's Child2002: Nelly2003: 50 Cent2004: Usher2005: 50 Cent2006: Chris Brown2007: Akon2008: Chris Brown2009: Taylor Swift2010: Lady Gaga2011: Adele2012: Adele2013: Bruno Mars2014: One Direction2015: Taylor Swift2016: Adele2017: Ed Sheeran2018: Drake2019: Post Malone 2020-present 2020: Post Malone2021: Drake2022: Bad Bunny vte Brit Award for International Female Solo Artist Tracy Chapman (1989)Sinéad O'Connor (1991)Björk (1994)K.d. lang (1995)Björk (1996)Sheryl Crow (1997)Björk (1998)Natalie Imbruglia (1999)Macy Gray (2000)Madonna (2001)Kylie Minogue (2002)Pink (2003)Beyoncé (2004)Gwen Stefani (2005)Madonna (2006)Nelly Furtado (2007)Kylie Minogue (2008)Katy Perry (2009)Lady Gaga (2010)Rihanna (2011)Rihanna (2012)Lana Del Rey (2013)Lorde (2014)Taylor Swift (2015)Björk (2016)Beyoncé (2017)Lorde (2018)Ariana Grande (2019)Billie Eilish (2020)Billie Eilish (2021) vte Golden Globe Award for Best Actress in a Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy 1950–1975 Judy Holliday (1950)June Allyson (1951)Susan Hayward (1952)Ethel Merman (1953)Judy Garland (1954)Jean Simmons (1955)Deborah Kerr (1956)Kay Kendall / Taina Elg (1957)Rosalind Russell (1958)Marilyn Monroe (1959)Shirley MacLaine (1960)Rosalind Russell (1961)Rosalind Russell (1962)Shirley MacLaine (1963)Julie Andrews (1964)Julie Andrews (1965)Lynn Redgrave (1966)Anne Bancroft (1967)Barbra Streisand (1968)Patty Duke (1969)Carrie Snodgress (1970)Twiggy (1971)Liza Minnelli (1972)Glenda Jackson (1973)Raquel Welch (1974)Ann-Margret (1975) 1976–2000 Barbra Streisand (1976)Diane Keaton / Marsha Mason (1977)Ellen Burstyn / Maggie Smith (1978)Bette Midler (1979)Sissy Spacek (1980)Bernadette Peters (1981)Julie Andrews (1982)Julie Walters (1983)Kathleen Turner (1984)Kathleen Turner (1985)Sissy Spacek (1986)Cher (1987)Melanie Griffith (1988)Jessica Tandy (1989)Julia Roberts (1990)Bette Midler (1991)Miranda Richardson (1992)Angela Bassett (1993)Jamie Lee Curtis (1994)Nicole Kidman (1995)Madonna (1996)Helen Hunt (1997)Gwyneth Paltrow (1998)Janet McTeer (1999)Renée Zellweger (2000) 2001–present Nicole Kidman (2001)Renée Zellweger (2002)Diane Keaton (2003)Annette Bening (2004)Reese Witherspoon (2005)Meryl Streep (2006)Marion Cotillard (2007)Sally Hawkins (2008)Meryl Streep (2009)Annette Bening (2010)Michelle Williams (2011)Jennifer Lawrence (2012)Amy Adams (2013)Amy Adams (2014)Jennifer Lawrence (2015)Emma Stone (2016)Saoirse Ronan (2017)Olivia Colman (2018)Awkwafina (2019)Rosamund Pike (2020)Rachel Zegler (2021)Michelle Yeoh (2022) vte Golden Globe Award for Best Original Song 1960s "Town Without Pity" – Music by Dimitri Tiomkin; Lyrics by Ned Washington (1961)No Award (1962)No Award (1963)"Circus World" – Music by Dimitri Tiomkin; Lyrics by Ned Washington (1964)"Forget Domani" – Music by Riz Ortolani; Lyrics by Norman Newell (1965)"Strangers in the Night" – Music by Bert Kaempfert; Lyrics by Charles Singleton & Eddie Snyder (1966)"If Ever I Would Leave You" – Music by Frederick Loewe; Lyrics by Alan Jay Lerner (1967)"The Windmills of Your Mind" – Music by Michel Legrand; Lyrics by Alan and Marilyn Bergman (1968)"Jean" – Music and Lyrics by Rod McKuen (1969) 1970s "Whistling Away the Dark" – Music by Henry Mancini; Lyrics by Johnny Mercer (1970)"Life Is What You Make It" – Music by Marvin Hamlisch; Lyrics by Johnny Mercer (1971)"Ben" – Music by Walter Scharf; Lyrics by Don Black (1972)"The Way We Were" – Music by Marvin Hamlisch; Lyrics by Alan and Marilyn Bergman (1973)"I Feel Love" – Music by Euel Box; Lyrics by Betty Box (1974)"I'm Easy" – Music and Lyrics by Keith Carradine (1975)"Evergreen" – Music by Barbra Streisand; Lyrics by Paul Williams (1976)"You Light Up My Life" – Music and Lyrics by Joseph Brooks (1977)"Last Dance" – Music and Lyrics by Paul Jabara (1978)"The Rose" – Music and Lyrics by Amanda McBroom (1979) 1980s "Fame" – Music by Michael Gore; Lyrics by Dean Pitchford (1980)"Arthur's Theme (Best That You Can Do)" – Music and Lyrics by Peter Allen, Burt Bacharach, Christopher Cross & Carole Bayer Sager (1981)"Up Where We Belong" – Music by Jack Nitzsche & Buffy Sainte-Marie; Lyrics by Wilbur Jennings (1982)"Flashdance... What a Feeling" – Music by Giorgio Moroder; Lyrics by Irene Cara & Keith Forsey (1983)"I Just Called to Say I Love You" – Music and Lyrics by Stevie Wonder (1984)"Say You, Say Me" – Music and Lyrics by Lionel Richie (1985)"Take My Breath Away" – Music by Giorgio Moroder; Lyrics by Tom Whitlock (1986)"(I've Had) The Time of My Life" – Music by John DeNicola & Donald Markowitz; Lyrics by Franke Previte (1987)"Let the River Run" – Music and Lyrics by Carly Simon / "Two Hearts" – Music by Lamont Dozier; Lyrics by Phil Collins (1988)"Under the Sea" – Music by Alan Menken; Lyrics by Howard Ashman (1989) 1990s "Blaze of Glory" – Music and Lyrics by Jon Bon Jovi (1990)"Beauty and the Beast" – Music by Alan Menken; Lyrics by Howard Ashman (1991)"A Whole New World" – Music by Alan Menken; Lyrics by Tim Rice (1992)"Streets of Philadelphia" – Music and Lyrics by Bruce Springsteen (1993)"Can You Feel the Love Tonight" – Music by Elton John; Lyrics by Tim Rice (1994)"Colors of the Wind" – Music by Alan Menken; Lyrics by Stephen Schwartz (1995)"You Must Love Me" – Music by Andrew Lloyd Webber; Lyrics by Tim Rice (1996)"My Heart Will Go On" – Music by James Horner; Lyrics by Wilbur Jennings (1997)"The Prayer" – Music and Lyrics by David Foster, Tony Renis, Carole Bayer Sager & Alberto Testa (1998)"You'll Be in My Heart" – Music and Lyrics by Phil Collins (1999) 2000s "Things Have Changed" – Music and Lyrics by Bob Dylan (2000)"Until..." – Music and Lyrics by Sting (2001)"The Hands That Built America" – Music and Lyrics by Bono, Adam Clayton, The Edge & Larry Mullen Jr. (2002)"Into the West" – Music and Lyrics by Annie Lennox, Howard Shore & Frances Walsh (2003)"Old Habits Die Hard" – Music and Lyrics by Mick Jagger & David A. Stewart (2004)"A Love That Will Never Grow Old" – Music by Gustavo Santaolalla; Lyrics by Bernie Taupin (2005)"The Song of the Heart" – Music and Lyrics by Prince Rogers Nelson (2006)"Guaranteed" – Music and Lyrics by Eddie Vedder (2007)"The Wrestler" – Music and Lyrics by Bruce Springsteen (2008)"The Weary Kind" – Music and Lyrics by Ryan Bingham & T Bone Burnett (2009) 2010s "You Haven't Seen the Last of Me" – Music and lyrics by Diane Warren (2010)"Masterpiece" – Music and lyrics by Madonna, Julie Frost & Jimmy Harry (2011)"Skyfall" – Music and lyrics by Adele Adkins & Paul Epworth (2012)"Ordinary Love" – Music and lyrics by Bono, Adam Clayton, The Edge, Larry Mullen Jr. & Danger Mouse (2013)"Glory" – Music and lyrics by Common & John Legend (2014)"Writing's on the Wall" – Music and lyrics by Sam Smith & Jimmy Napes (2015)"City of Stars" – Music by Justin Hurwitz; lyrics by Benj Pasek & Justin Paul (2016)"This Is Me" – Music and lyrics by Benj Pasek & Justin Paul (2017)"Shallow" – Music and lyrics by Lady Gaga, Mark Ronson, Anthony Rossomando & Andrew Wyatt (2018)"(I'm Gonna) Love Me Again" – Music by Elton John; lyrics by Bernie Taupin (2019) 2020s "Io sì (Seen)" – Music by Diane Warren; Lyrics by Diane Warren, Laura Pausini & Niccolò Agliardi (2020)"No Time to Die" – Music and Lyrics by Billie Eilish & Finneas O'Connell (2021)"Naatu Naatu" – Music by M. M. Keeravani; Lyrics by Chandrabose (2022) Complete List(1960s)(1970s)(1980s)(1990s)(2000s)(2010s)(2020s) vte Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Actress 1980s Brooke Shields – The Blue Lagoon (1980)Bo Derek – Tarzan, the Ape Man / Faye Dunaway – Mommie Dearest (1981)Pia Zadora – Butterfly (1982)Pia Zadora – The Lonely Lady (1983)Bo Derek – Bolero (1984)Linda Blair – Night Patrol, Savage Island, and Savage Streets (1985)Madonna – Shanghai Surprise (1986)Madonna – Who's That Girl (1987)Liza Minnelli – Arthur 2: On the Rocks and Rent-a-Cop (1988)Heather Locklear – The Return of Swamp Thing (1989) 1990s Bo Derek – Ghosts Can't Do It (1990)Sean Young – A Kiss Before Dying (1991)Melanie Griffith – Shining Through and A Stranger Among Us (1992)Madonna – Body of Evidence (1993)Sharon Stone – Intersection and The Specialist (1994)Elizabeth Berkley – Showgirls (1995)Demi Moore – The Juror and Striptease (1996)Demi Moore – G.I. Jane (1997)Spice Girls – Spice World (1998)Heather Donahue – The Blair Witch Project (1999) 2000s Madonna – The Next Best Thing (2000)Mariah Carey – Glitter (2001)Madonna – Swept Away / Britney Spears – Crossroads (2002)Jennifer Lopez – Gigli (2003)Halle Berry – Catwoman (2004)Jenny McCarthy – Dirty Love (2005)Sharon Stone – Basic Instinct 2 (2006)Lindsay Lohan – I Know Who Killed Me (2007)Paris Hilton – The Hottie and the Nottie (2008)Sandra Bullock – All About Steve (2009) 2010s Kim Cattrall, Kristin Davis, Cynthia Nixon, and Sarah Jessica Parker – Sex and the City 2 (2010)Adam Sandler (in drag) – Jack and Jill (2011)Kristen Stewart – Snow White and the Huntsman and The Twilight Saga: Breaking Dawn – Part 2 (2012)Tyler Perry (in drag) – A Madea Christmas (2013)Cameron Diaz – The Other Woman and Sex Tape (2014)Dakota Johnson – Fifty Shades of Grey (2015)Mikaela Krantz and Rebekah Turner – Hillary's America: The Secret History of the Democratic Party (2016)Tyler Perry (in drag) – Boo 2! A Madea Halloween (2017)Melissa McCarthy – The Happytime Murders and Life of the Party (2018)Hilary Duff – The Haunting of Sharon Tate (2019) 2020s Kate Hudson – Music (2020/21)Jeanna de Waal – Diana: The Musical (2021)Golden Raspberry Awards (for nominating Ryan Kiera Armstrong) (2022) vte Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Supporting Actress 1980s Amy Irving – Honeysuckle Rose (1980)Diana Scarwid – Mommie Dearest (1981)Aileen Quinn – Annie (1982)Sybil Danning – Chained Heat and Hercules (1983)Lynn-Holly Johnson – Where the Boys Are '84 (1984)Brigitte Nielsen – Rocky IV (1985)Dom DeLuise (in drag) – Haunted Honeymoon (1986)Daryl Hannah – Wall Street (1987)Kristy McNichol – Two Moon Junction (1988)Brooke Shields – Speed Zone (1989) 1990s Sofia Coppola – The Godfather Part III (1990)Sean Young (as the twin who's murdered) – A Kiss Before Dying (1991)Estelle Getty – Stop! Or My Mom Will Shoot (1992)Faye Dunaway – The Temp (1993)Rosie O'Donnell – Car 54, Where Are You?, Exit to Eden, and The Flintstones (1994)Madonna – Four Rooms (1995)Melanie Griffith – Mulholland Falls (1996)Alicia Silverstone – Batman & Robin (1997)Maria Pitillo – Godzilla (1998)Denise Richards – The World Is Not Enough (1999) 2000s Kelly Preston – Battlefield Earth (2000)Estella Warren – Driven and Planet of the Apes (2001)Madonna – Die Another Day (2002)Demi Moore – Charlie's Angels: Full Throttle (2003)Britney Spears – Fahrenheit 9/11 (2004)Paris Hilton – House of Wax (2005)Carmen Electra – Date Movie and Scary Movie 4 (2006)Eddie Murphy (in drag) – Norbit (2007)Paris Hilton – Repo! The Genetic Opera (2008)Sienna Miller – G.I. Joe: The Rise of Cobra (2009) 2010s Jessica Alba – The Killer Inside Me, Little Fockers, Machete, and Valentine's Day (2010)David Spade (in drag) – Jack and Jill (2011)Rihanna – Battleship (2012)Kim Kardashian – Temptation: Confessions of a Marriage Counselor (2013)Megan Fox – Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (2014)Kaley Cuoco – Alvin and the Chipmunks: The Road Chip and The Wedding Ringer (2015)Kristen Wiig – Zoolander 2 (2016)Kim Basinger – Fifty Shades Darker (2017)Kellyanne Conway – Fahrenheit 11/9 (2018)Rebel Wilson – Cats (2019) 2020s Maddie Ziegler – Music (2020/21)Judy Kaye – Diana the Musical (2021)Adria Arjona – Morbius (2022) vte Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Screen Combo 1990s Tom Cruise and Brad Pitt – Interview with the Vampire / Sylvester Stallone and Sharon Stone – The Specialist (1994)Any combination of two people (or two body parts) – Showgirls (1995)Demi Moore and Burt Reynolds – Striptease (1996)Dennis Rodman and Jean-Claude Van Damme – Double Team (1997)Leonardo DiCaprio and Leonardo DiCaprio (as twins) – The Man in the Iron Mask (1998)Kevin Kline and Will Smith – Wild Wild West (1999) 2000s John Travolta and anyone sharing the screen with him – Battlefield Earth (2000)Tom Green and any animal he abuses – Freddy Got Fingered (2001)Adriano Giannini and Madonna – Swept Away (2002)Ben Affleck and Jennifer Lopez – Gigli (2003)George W. Bush and either Condoleezza Rice or his pet goat – Fahrenheit 9/11 (2004)Will Ferrell and Nicole Kidman – Bewitched (2005)Shawn Wayans and either Kerry Washington or Marlon Wayans – Little Man (2006)Lindsay Lohan and Lindsay Lohan (as twins) – I Know Who Killed Me (2007)Paris Hilton and either Christine Lakin or Joel David Moore – The Hottie and the Nottie (2008)Sandra Bullock and Bradley Cooper – All About Steve (2009) 2010s The entire cast of Sex and the City 2 (2010)Adam Sandler and either Katie Holmes, Al Pacino or Adam Sandler – Jack and Jill / The entire cast of Jack and Jill (2011)Mackenzie Foy and Taylor Lautner – The Twilight Saga: Breaking Dawn – Part 2 / The entire cast of The Twilight Saga: Breaking Dawn – Part 2 (2012)Jaden Smith and Will Smith on planet nepotism – After Earth (2013)Kirk Cameron and his ego – Saving Christmas (2014)Jamie Dornan and Dakota Johnson – Fifty Shades of Grey (2015)Ben Affleck and Henry Cavill – Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice (2016)Any two obnoxious Emojis – The Emoji Movie (2017)Donald Trump and "His Self Perpetuating Pettiness" – Death of a Nation and Fahrenheit 11/9 (2018)Any two half-feline/half-human hairballs – Cats (2019) 2020s Rudy Giuliani and his pants zipper – Borat Subsequent Moviefilm (2020)LeBron James and any Warner cartoon character (or Time-Warner product) he dribbles on – Space Jam: A New Legacy (2021)Tom Hanks and his latex-laden face (and ludicrous accent) – Elvis (2022) Between 2010–2012, the category also included Worst Screen Ensemble. vte Grammy Award for Best Pop Vocal Album 1960s Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band – The Beatles (1967) 1990s Longing in Their Hearts – Bonnie Raitt (1994)Turbulent Indigo – Joni Mitchell (1995)Falling into You – Celine Dion (1996)Hourglass – James Taylor (1997)Ray of Light – Madonna (1998)Brand New Day – Sting (1999) 2000s Two Against Nature – Steely Dan (2000)Lovers Rock – Sade (2001)Come Away with Me – Norah Jones (2002)Justified – Justin Timberlake (2003)Genius Loves Company – Ray Charles and various artists (2004)Breakaway – Kelly Clarkson (2005)Continuum – John Mayer (2006)Back to Black – Amy Winehouse (2007)Rockferry – Duffy (2008)The E.N.D. – Black Eyed Peas (2009) 2010s The Fame Monster – Lady Gaga (2010)21 – Adele (2011)Stronger – Kelly Clarkson (2012)Unorthodox Jukebox – Bruno Mars (2013)In the Lonely Hour – Sam Smith (2014)1989 – Taylor Swift (2015)25 – Adele (2016)÷ – Ed Sheeran (2017)Sweetener – Ariana Grande (2018)When We All Fall Asleep, Where Do We Go? – Billie Eilish (2019) 2020s Future Nostalgia – Dua Lipa (2020)Sour – Olivia Rodrigo (2021)Harry's House – Harry Styles (2022) vte Grammy Award for Best Song Written for Visual Media 1987−1999 "Somewhere Out There" – James Horner, Barry Mann & Cynthia Weil (songwriters) (1987)"Two Hearts" – Phil Collins & Lamont Dozier (songwriters) (1988)"Let the River Run" – Carly Simon (songwriter) (1989)"Under the Sea" – Alan Menken & Howard Ashman (songwriters) (1990)"(Everything I Do) I Do It for You" – Robert John "Mutt" Lange, Michael Kamen & Bryan Adams (songwriters) (1991)"Beauty and the Beast" – Alan Menken & Howard Ashman (songwriters) (1992)"A Whole New World" – Alan Menken & Tim Rice (songwriters) (1993)"Streets of Philadelphia" – Bruce Springsteen (songwriter) (1994)"Colors of the Wind" – Alan Menken & Stephen Schwartz (songwriters) (1995)"Because You Loved Me" – Diane Warren (songwriter) (1996)"I Believe I Can Fly" – R. Kelly (songwriter) (1997)"My Heart Will Go On" – James Horner & Will Jennings (songwriters) (1998)"Beautiful Stranger" – Madonna & William Orbit (songwriters) (1999) 2000−2019 "When She Loved Me" – Randy Newman (songwriter) (2000)"Boss of Me" – John Flansburgh & John Linnell (songwriters) (2001)"If I Didn't Have You" – Randy Newman (songwriter) (2002)"A Mighty Wind" – Christopher Guest, Eugene Levy & Michael McKean (songwriters) (2003)"Into the West" – Annie Lennox, Howard Shore & Fran Walsh (songwriters) (2004)"Believe" – Glen Ballard & Alan Silvestri (songwriters) (2005)"Our Town" – Randy Newman (songwriter) (2006)"Love You I Do" – Siedah Garrett & Henry Krieger (songwriters) (2007)"Down to Earth" – Peter Gabriel & Thomas Newman (songwriters) (2008)"Jai Ho" – Gulzar, A. R. Rahman & Tanvi Shah (songwriters) (2009)"The Weary Kind" – Ryan Bingham & T Bone Burnett (songwriters) (2010)"I See the Light" – Alan Menken & Glenn Slater (songwriters) (2011)"Safe & Sound" – T Bone Burnett, Taylor Swift, Joy Williams & John Paul White (songwriters) (2012)"Skyfall" – Adele Atkins & Paul Epworth (songwriters) (2013)"Let It Go" – Kristen Anderson-Lopez & Robert Lopez (songwriters) (2014)"Glory" – Common, Che Smith & John Legend (songwriters) (2015)"Can't Stop the Feeling!" – Max Martin, Shellback & Justin Timberlake (songwriters) (2016)"How Far I'll Go" – Lin-Manuel Miranda (songwriter) (2017)"Shallow" – Lady Gaga, Mark Ronson, Anthony Rossomando & Andrew Wyatt (songwriters) (2018)"I'll Never Love Again" – Lady Gaga, Natalie Hemby, Hillary Lindsey & Aaron Raitiere (songwriters) (2019) 2020−present "No Time to Die" – Billie Eilish O'Connell & Finneas O'Connell (songwriters) (2020)"All Eyes on Me" – Bo Burnham (songwriter) (2021)"We Don't Talk About Bruno" – Lin-Manuel Miranda (songwriter) (2022) vte Grammy Award for Best Music Film 1983–1986 Duran Duran – Duran Duran (1983)Making Michael Jackson's Thriller – Michael Jackson (1984)Huey Lewis & The News: The Heart of Rock 'n Roll – Huey Lewis and the News (1985)Bring On the Night – Sting (1986) Best Performance Music Video (1987−1988) The Prince's Trust All-Star Rock Concert – Various Artists (1987)"Where the Streets Have No Name" – U2 (1988) 1989–2009 Rhythm Nation 1814 – Janet Jackson (1989)Please Hammer, Don't Hurt 'Em: The Movie – MC Hammer (1990)Live! – Blond Ambition World Tour 90 – Madonna (1991)Diva – Annie Lennox (1992)Ten Summoner's Tales – Sting (1993)Zoo TV: Live from Sydney – U2 (1994)Secret World Live – Peter Gabriel (1995)The Beatles Anthology – The Beatles (1996)Jagged Little Pill, Live – Alanis Morissette (1997)American Masters: Lou Reed: Rock & Roll Heart – Lou Reed (1998)Band of Gypsys: Live at Fillmore East – Jimi Hendrix (1999)Gimme Some Truth: The Making of John Lennon's Imagine Album – John Lennon (2000)Recording The Producers: A Musical Romp with Mel Brooks – Mel Brooks (2001)Westway to the World – The Clash (2002)Legend – Sam Cooke (2003)Concert for George – Various Artists (2004)No Direction Home – Bob Dylan (2005)Wings for Wheels: The Making of Born to Run – Bruce Springsteen (2006)The Confessions Tour – Madonna (2007)Runnin' Down a Dream – Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers (2008)The Beatles Love – All Together Now – The Beatles and Cirque du Soleil (2009) 2010–present When You're Strange: A Film About The Doors – The Doors (2010)Back and Forth – Foo Fighters (2011)Big Easy Express – Mumford & Sons, Edward Sharpe & The Magnetic Zeros and Old Crow Medicine Show (2012)Live Kisses – Paul McCartney (2013)20 Feet from Stardom – Darlene Love, Merry Clayton, Lisa Fischer & Judith Hill (2014)Amy – Amy Winehouse (2015)The Beatles: Eight Days a Week - The Touring Years – The Beatles (2016)The Defiant Ones – Various Artists (2017)Quincy – Quincy Jones (2018)Homecoming: A Film by Beyoncé – Beyoncé (2019)Linda Ronstadt: The Sound of My Voice – Linda Ronstadt (2020)Summer of Soul – Various Artists (2021)Jazz Fest: A New Orleans Story – Various Artists (2022) vte Grammy Award for Best Music Video Video of the Year (1981−1982) Elephant Parts – Michael Nesmith (1981)Olivia Physical – Olivia Newton-John (1982) 1983–1986 "Girls on Film" / "Hungry Like the Wolf" – Duran Duran (1983)"Jazzin' for Blue Jean" – David Bowie (1984)"We Are the World" – USA for Africa (1985)"Brothers in Arms" – Dire Straits (1986) Best Concept Music Video (1987−1988) "Land of Confusion" – Genesis (1987)"Fat" – "Weird Al" Yankovic (1988) 1989–2009 "Leave Me Alone" – Michael Jackson (1989)"Opposites Attract" – Paula Abdul (1990)"Losing My Religion" – R.E.M. (1991)"Digging in the Dirt" – Peter Gabriel (1992)"Steam" – Peter Gabriel (1993)"Love Is Strong" – The Rolling Stones (1994)"Scream" – Michael Jackson & Janet Jackson (1995)"Free as a Bird" – The Beatles (1996)"Got 'til It's Gone" – Janet Jackson (1997)"Ray of Light" – Madonna (1998)"Freak on a Leash" – Korn (1999)"Learn to Fly" – Foo Fighters (2000)"Weapon of Choice" – Fatboy Slim featuring Bootsy Collins (2001)"Without Me" - Eminem (2002)"Hurt" – Johnny Cash (2003)"Vertigo" – U2 (2004)"Lose Control" – Missy Elliott featuring Ciara & Fatman Scoop (2005)"Here It Goes Again" – Ok Go (2006)"God's Gonna Cut You Down" – Johnny Cash (2007)"Pork and Beans" – Weezer (2008)"Boom Boom Pow" – The Black Eyed Peas (2009) 2010–present "Bad Romance" – Lady Gaga (2010)"Rolling in the Deep" – Adele (2011)"We Found Love" – Rihanna featuring Calvin Harris (2012)"Suit & Tie" – Justin Timberlake featuring Jay Z (2013)"Happy" – Pharrell Williams (2014)"Bad Blood" – Taylor Swift featuring Kendrick Lamar (2015)"Formation" – Beyoncé (2016)"Humble" – Kendrick Lamar (2017)"This Is America" – Childish Gambino (2018)"Old Town Road" – Lil Nas X featuring Billy Ray Cyrus (2019)"Brown Skin Girl" – Beyoncé, Blue Ivy & Wizkid (2020)"Freedom" – Jon Batiste (2021)All Too Well: The Short Film – Taylor Swift (2022) vte Michael Jackson Video Vanguard Award The Beatles and Richard Lester (1984)David Bowie (1984)David Byrne (1985)Russell Mulcahy (1985)Godley & Creme (1985)Madonna (1986)Zbigniew Rybczyński (1986)Peter Gabriel (1987)Julien Temple (1987)Michael Jackson (1988)George Michael (1989)Janet Jackson (1990)Bon Jovi and Wayne Isham (1991)Guns N' Roses (1992)The Rolling Stones (1994)Tom Petty (1994)R.E.M. (1995)LL Cool J (1997)Mark Romanek (1997)Beastie Boys (1998)Red Hot Chili Peppers (2000)U2 (2001)Duran Duran (2003)Hype Williams (2006)Britney Spears (2011)Justin Timberlake (2013)Beyoncé (2014)Kanye West (2015)Rihanna (2016)Pink (2017)Jennifer Lopez (2018)Missy Elliott (2019)Nicki Minaj (2022) vte MTV Europe Music Award for Best Electronic The Prodigy (1994, 1996-1999)East 17 (1995)Madonna (2000)Gorillaz (2001)Kylie Minogue (2002)Panjabi MC (2003)David Guetta (2012, 2017, 2020-2022)Avicii (2013)Calvin Harris (2014)Martin Garrix (2015-2016, 2019)Marshmello (2018) vte MTV Europe Music Award for Best Female Mariah Carey (1994)Björk (1995)Alanis Morissette (1996)Janet Jackson (1997)Madonna (1998)Britney Spears (1999, 2004)Madonna (2000)Jennifer Lopez (2001–2002)Christina Aguilera (2003, 2006)Shakira (2005)Beyoncé (2009)Lady Gaga (2010–2011, 2016)Taylor Swift (2012)Katy Perry (2013)Ariana Grande (2014)Rihanna (2015) vte MTV Video Music Award for Best Choreography Michael Jackson and Michael Peters (1984)David Atkins (1985)Prince (1986)Paula Abdul (1987)Barry Lather (1988)Paula Abdul (1989)Janet Jackson and Anthony Thomas (1990)Jamale Graves (1991)Frank Gatson, Travis Payne and LaVelle Smith Jr. (1992)Frank Gatson, LaVelle Smith Jr. and Travis Payne (1993)Frank Gatson and Randy Connor (1994)LaVelle Smith Jr., Tina Landon, Travis Payne and Sean Cheesman (1995)Michael Rooney (1996)Peggy Hickey (1997)Madonna and Jonas Åkerlund (1998)Richard Koufey and Michael Rooney (1999)Darrin Henson (2000)Michael Rooney, Spike Jonze and Christopher Walken (2001)Michael Rooney (2002)Frank Gatson and LaVelle Smith Jr. (2003)Fatima Robinson (2004)Kishaya Dudley (2005)Shakira (2006)Marty Kudelka (2007)Michael Rooney (2008)Frank Gatson and JaQuel Knight (2009)Laurieann Gibson (2010)Frank Gatson, Sheryl Murakami and Jeffrey Page (2011)Anwar "Flii" Burton (2012)Bruno Mars (2013)Ryan Heffington (2014)OK Go, air:man and Mori Harano (2015)Chris Grant, JaQuel Knight and Dana Foglia (2016)Teyana Taylor, Guapo, Matthew Pasterisa, Jae Blaze and Derek Watkins (2017)Sherrie Silver (2018)Charm La'Donna (2019)The Lab and Son Sung Deuk (2020)Paul Roberts (2021) vte MTV Video Music Award for Video of the Year 1980s "You Might Think" – The Cars (1984)"The Boys of Summer" – Don Henley (1985)"Money for Nothing" – Dire Straits (1986)"Sledgehammer" – Peter Gabriel (1987)"Need You Tonight" / "Mediate" – INXS (1988)"This Note's for You" – Neil Young (1989) 1990s "Nothing Compares 2 U" – Sinéad O'Connor (1990)"Losing My Religion" – R.E.M. (1991)"Right Now" – Van Halen (1992)"Jeremy" – Pearl Jam (1993)"Cryin'" – Aerosmith (1994)"Waterfalls" – TLC (1995)"Tonight, Tonight" – The Smashing Pumpkins (1996)"Virtual Insanity" – Jamiroquai (1997)"Ray of Light" – Madonna (1998)"Doo Wop (That Thing)" – Lauryn Hill (1999) 2000s "The Real Slim Shady" – Eminem (2000)"Lady Marmalade" – Christina Aguilera, Lil' Kim, Mýa and Pink (2001)"Without Me" – Eminem (2002)"Work It" – Missy Elliott (2003)"Hey Ya!" – Outkast (2004)"Boulevard of Broken Dreams" – Green Day (2005)"I Write Sins Not Tragedies" – Panic! at the Disco (2006)"Umbrella" – Rihanna featuring Jay-Z (2007)"Piece of Me" – Britney Spears (2008)"Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It)" – Beyoncé (2009) 2010s "Bad Romance" – Lady Gaga (2010)"Firework" – Katy Perry (2011)"We Found Love" – Rihanna featuring Calvin Harris (2012)"Mirrors" – Justin Timberlake (2013)"Wrecking Ball" – Miley Cyrus (2014)"Bad Blood" – Taylor Swift featuring Kendrick Lamar (2015)"Formation" – Beyoncé (2016)"Humble" – Kendrick Lamar (2017)"Havana" – Camila Cabello featuring Young Thug (2018)"You Need to Calm Down" – Taylor Swift (2019) 2020s "Blinding Lights" – The Weeknd (2020)"Montero (Call Me by Your Name)" – Lil Nas X (2021)All Too Well: The Short Film – Taylor Swift (2022) vte Recording Industry Association of Japan – Gold Disc Award for Artist of the Year Domestic Akina Nakamori (1987)Rebecca (1988)Boøwy (1989)Southern All Stars (1990)Yumi Matsutoya (1991)Chage and Aska (1992)Chage and Aska (1993)Wands (1994)TRF (1995)TRF (1996)Namie Amuro (1997)Glay (1998)B'z (1999)Hikaru Utada (2000)Ayumi Hamasaki (2001)Ayumi Hamasaki (2002)Hikaru Utada (2003)Ayumi Hamasaki (2004)Orange Range (2005)Kumi Koda (2006)Kumi Koda (2007)Exile (2008)Exile (2009)Arashi (2010)Arashi (2011)AKB48 (2012)AKB48 (2013)AKB48 (2014)Arashi (2015)Arashi (2016)Arashi (2017)Namie Amuro (2018)Namie Amuro (2019)Arashi (2020)Arashi (2021)Snow Man (2022) International Madonna (1987)The Beatles (1988)Bon Jovi (1989)Madonna (1990)Madonna (1991)Guns N' Roses (1992)Madonna (1993)The Beatles (1994)Mariah Carey (1995)Mariah Carey (1996)Me & My (1997)Celine Dion (1998)Celine Dion (1999)Celine Dion (2000)The Beatles (2001)Backstreet Boys (2002)Avril Lavigne (2003)Twelve Girls Band (2004)Queen (2005)O-Zone (2006)Daniel Powter (2007)Avril Lavigne (2008)Madonna (2009)The Beatles (2010)Lady Gaga (2011)Lady Gaga (2012)Che'Nelle (2013)One Direction (2014)One Direction (2015)The Beatles (2016)Ariana Grande (2017)The Beatles (2018)Queen (2019)Queen (2020)Queen (2021)The Beatles (2022) vte Rock and Roll Hall of Fame – Class of 2008 Performers The Dave Clark Five Dave Clark, Lenny Davidson, Rick Huxley, Denis Payton, Mike SmithLeonard CohenMadonnaJohn MellencampThe Ventures Bob Bogle, Nokie Edwards, Gerry McGee, Mel Taylor, Don Wilson Non-performers (Ahmet Ertegun Award) Kenny Gamble and Leon Huff Sidemen Little Walter vte UK best-selling albums (by year) (1970–1989) 1970–71: Bridge over Troubled Water (Simon & Garfunkel)1972: 20 Dynamic Hits (Various Artists)1973: Don't Shoot Me I'm Only the Piano Player (Elton John)1974: The Singles: 1969–1973 (The Carpenters)1975: The Best of The Stylistics (The Stylistics)1976: Greatest Hits (ABBA)1977: Arrival (ABBA)1978: Saturday Night Fever (original soundtrack)1979: Parallel Lines (Blondie)1980: Super Trouper (ABBA)1981: Kings of the Wild Frontier (Adam and the Ants)1982: Love Songs (Barbra Streisand)1983: Thriller (Michael Jackson)1984: Can't Slow Down (Lionel Richie)1985: Brothers in Arms (Dire Straits)1986: True Blue (Madonna)1987: Bad (Michael Jackson)1988: Kylie (Kylie Minogue)1989: Ten Good Reasons (Jason Donovan) Authority control Edit this at Wikidata International FASTISNIVIAF 2WorldCat National NorwayChileSpainFranceBnF dataArgentinaCataloniaGermanyItalyIsrael 2FinlandUnited States 2SwedenLatviaJapanCzech RepublicAustraliaGreeceKoreaRomaniaCroatiaNetherlandsPolandPortugalRussia Academics CiNii Artists Grammy AwardsMusicBrainz People Deutsche SynchronkarteiDeutsche BiographieTrove Other SNACIdRef Categories: Madonna1958 births20th-century American actresses20th-century American businesspeople20th-century American businesswomen20th-century American singers20th-century American women singers21st-century American actresses21st-century American businesspeople21st-century American businesswomen21st-century American singers21st-century American women singersActivists from MichiganActivists from New York CityActresses from MichiganActresses from New York CityAmerican cosmetics businesspeopleAmerican dance musiciansAmerican electronic musiciansAmerican expatriates in PortugalAmerican expatriates in the United KingdomAmerican fashion businesspeopleAmerican female dancersAmerican film actressesAmerican gun control activistsAmerican humanitariansAmerican mezzo-sopranosAmerican music industry executivesAmerican nonprofit businesspeopleAmerican people of French-Canadian descentAmerican people of Italian descentAmerican philanthropistsAmerican pop guitaristsAmerican pop rock singersAmerican women film directorsAmerican women in businessAmerican women in electronic musicAmerican women pop singersAmerican women record producersAmerican women rock singersAmerican women singer-songwritersBest Musical or Comedy Actress Golden Globe (film) winnersBrit Award winnersBusinesspeople from MichiganBusinesspeople from New York CityDance-pop musiciansDancers from MichiganDancers from New York (state)Feminist musiciansFilm directors from MichiganFilm directors from New York (state)Golden Globe Award-winning musiciansGrammy Award winnersGrammy Award winners for dance and electronic musicInterscope Records artistsIvor Novello Award winnersJuno Award for International Album of the Year winnersAmerican LGBT rights activistsLiving peopleMaverick Records artistsModern dancersMTV Europe Music Award winnersPeople from Bay City, MichiganPeople from the East Village, ManhattanPeople named in the Paradise PapersRecord producers from MichiganRecord producers from New York (state)Sex-positive feministsSingers from New York CitySinger-songwriters from MichiganSinger-songwriters from New York (state)Sire Records artistsWarner Records artistsWomen humanitariansWorld Music Awards winnersWorld record holders Britney Spears Britney Spears has been one of the most successful — and sometimes controversial — solo acts in popular music. Six of her first seven albums reached No. 1 on the Billboard 200. Updated: Sep 14, 2021 Britney Spears pinterest icon Photo: Kevin Mazur/Getty Images (1981-) Who Is Britney Spears? Britney Spears starred in The All-New Mickey Mouse Club at age 11 and began a highly successful career as a pop singer and performer with the release of the single "...Baby One More Time" in 1998. Spears achieved massive sales with albums like Oops!... I Did It Again and Britney, before experiencing a series of personal and professional setbacks. She rebounded with the chart-topping Femme Fatale in 2011 and later enjoyed an extended residency at Planet Hollywood Resort & Casino in Las Vegas. Child Star Singer, dancer and actress Britney Jean Spears was born on December 2, 1981, in McComb, Mississippi, and raised in Kentwood, Louisiana. For more than two decades, Spears has been one of the most successful—and sometimes controversial—solo acts in popular music. For a time, however, she was better known for her personal struggles. The middle of the three children, Spears developed an interest in performing at a young age. "Ever since I was 7 or 8 years old, my mom would have company over, and I was always performing for everybody in front of the TV. ... Even when I went to school, I was always the weird child; I would go outside and instead of playing, I wanted to have Star Search competitions," Spears told the Hollywood Reporter. When she was eight years old, she auditioned for a spot on the Disney Channel's The All-New Mickey Mouse Club. Spears did not get the part, but she did eventually achieve one childhood dream: showcasing her vocal talents on the popular entertainment competition Star Search in 1992. Spears tried again for The All-New Mickey Mouse Club when she was 11. This time, she was picked for the cast, which also featured other up-and-coming talents such as Justin Timberlake, Christina Aguilera and actress Keri Russell. Spears appeared on the children's variety show for two seasons. "We had an amazing, amazing time; we got to sing and dance and do everything," she later explained to the Hollywood Reporter. Advertisem*nt - Continue Reading Below Breakout Songs: "...Baby One More Time" and "Oops!... I Did It Again" After the show's cancellation in 1995, Spears focused on developing her musical career. She eventually landed a contract with Jive Records. In September 1998, Spears released her first single, "...Baby One More Time." The catchy tune reached the top of the pop charts at the end of January 1999, propelled in part by a music video in which the singer danced in a skimpy version of a Catholic schoolgirl uniform. Although the racy outfit drew sharp criticism from the parents of her young fans, Spears claimed to be a sweet, innocent Southern girl at heart. The ...Baby One More Time album hit No. 1 on the Billboard 200 charts that same year, and went on to sell more than 25 million copies worldwide. At the 1999 Billboard Music Awards, Spears picked up four awards, including for female artist of the year and best new artist. Her smashing success made her a headliner of the teen pop music wave that included fellow Mickey Mouse Club alumnae Aguilera and Jessica Simpson. Building upon her meteoric rise, Spears released Oops!... I Did It Again in 2000. The recording was an instant No. 1 hit on the album charts, selling more than 1 million copies in its first week. The singer's personal life was also receiving more scrutiny, as rumors circulated that she was dating Timberlake, then part of the hit pop group *NSYNC. A Sexier Image: 'Britney' to 'In the Zone' With 2001's Britney, Spears made the first move toward shedding her innocent image, while also taking her sound in a different direction. The single "I'm a Slave 4 U" sounded more like a Prince track than her bubblegum pop of the past. "I'd get bored singing the same type of songs all the time. I still love my old stuff, but you have to extend yourself and grow," she explained to Entertainment Weekly. Performing "I'm a Slave 4 U" at the 2001 MTV Video Music Awards, Spears made heads turn by dancing with a seven-foot albino python around her neck and wearing a barely-there costume. Around this same time, Spears took a leading role in the feature film Crossroads. The coming-of-age drama received a drubbing from critics after its February 2002 release, but it ended up grossing more than $60 million worldwide. Later that spring, Spears experienced another disappointment: she and Timberlake announced that they had broken up. The following year, Spears created some headlines for her actions at the 2003 MTV Video Music Awards. She and fellow former Mouseketeer Aguilera shared a kiss with pop superstar Madonna during a performance. Some saw this dramatic stage moment as another way for Spears to present the latest version of her more sexualized public persona. Spears acknowledged around this time that Madonna was an important influence on her. "I remember being in my living room and watching her on TV. I'd dance around in my short tops and sing and dream about being her," Spears told Newsweek. Advertisem*nt - Continue Reading Below Spears' next album, In the Zone, which included vocals from Madonna on the "Me Against the Music" track, hit stores that November. The album's top single, "Toxic," earned Spears her first Grammy Award for Best Dance Recording. Marriage to Kevin Federline By January 2004, Spears appeared to be rebelling again—this time, against her intense work schedule. She married her childhood friend Jason Alexander in Las Vegas, but the union was annulled two days later. She then got involved with backup dancer Kevin Federline. At the time, Federline's girlfriend was pregnant with their second child. Spears' relationship with Federline only intensified with the media's scrutiny of her private life. Spears experienced some troubles in her professional life around this time. She had to undergo surgery to correct a knee injury, forcing her to cancel the last part of her tour. Spears and Federline married on September 18, 2004, in Studio City, California. Shortly after her wedding, she released Greatest Hits: My Prerogative. Spears covered the Bobby Brown hit "My Prerogative," which seemed to be her way of talking back to her critics and lashing out about the media frenzy that continually surrounded her. The recording sold more than 5 million copies, although it wasn't as successful as In the Zone. Despite her declining sales, Spears seemed content. She and her husband announced that they were expecting their first child together in April 2005. "I find being pregnant empowering. I think it brings out a pure side of you," Spears told People magazine. However, despite the public fascination with the young couple, few people tuned in to catch a glimpse of their 2005 reality show, Britney and Kevin: Chaotic, which told the story of their early relationship through personal videos. That September, the couple welcomed son Sean Preston. Troubles in the Spotlight The new mother found herself in hot water in February 2006, after she was caught on film driving her car with her infant son in her lap. Her parenting skills became a subject of national debate, and she was even rebuked by Transportation Secretary Norman Mineta for her actions. Calling her behavior "irresponsible" and "troubling," Mineta said that Spears was sending "the wrong message to millions of her fans." Spears apologized for the incident, claiming that she just wanted to get away from the paparazzi. "I love my baby more than anything, and as unfortunate an experience as this has been for me and my family, if it brings more attention to child safety then I fully support that," she told People magazine. In September 2006, Spears and Federline had a new addition to their young family with the birth of their son Jayden James. But Spears made a surprising move two months later when she filed for divorce, claiming "irreconcilable differences." After her separation, Spears frequented the club scene for a time, partying with socialite Paris Hilton, among others. She reportedly checked in and out of rehabilitation, and then shaved her head in a California beauty salon while the paparazzi took pictures in February 2007. She told the salon owner that "my mom is going to freak." The following month, Spears spent time at a treatment center in California. Advertisem*nt - Continue Reading Below By the summer, Spears and Federline were in the midst of a difficult custody battle for their two sons, with Spears also estranged from her mother. Despite her personal challenges, she moved forward musically with the album Blackout. The single "Gimme More" was released in September and received a warm reception from the public and critics. However, Spears' performance of the song at that year's MTV Video Music Awards was a disaster. She appeared nervous on stage, sluggishly dancing and poorly lip-syncing. A few days later, Spears was charged in connection to a hit-and-run incident in a parking lot. Family Struggles Spears wasn't the only member of her family making headlines in 2007, however. Her younger sister, actress Jamie Lynn, announced that she was pregnant at the age of 16. Jamie Lynn, who was a star on cable's kid-friendly Nickelodeon channel at the time, became a controversial symbol of teen pregnancy. Despite these setbacks, Blackout reached the second slot on the Billboard charts after its November release. This comeback of sorts seemed to be short lived, as Spears appeared to have yet another breakdown in January 2008. She was taken to the hospital for psychiatric evaluation when she refused to return her sons to their father after a court-appointed visit. Federline eventually received full custody of the two boys. By month's end, Spears returned to the hospital for another evaluation. Rumors circulated that she had bipolar disorder, but that diagnosis was not confirmed. Her mother, Lynne, later wrote in her memoir Through the Storm that she believed her daughter experienced postpartum depression. While in the hospital, Spears became the subject of a power struggle between her parents, Jamie and Lynne, and her manager, Sam Lutfi. The couple believed that Lutfi was a bad influence on their daughter and was trying to control her life. Her father went to court and obtained control over Spears' personal, professional and medical matters. Britney Spears Photo Britney Spears Photo: Frazer Harrison/Getty Images Advertisem*nt - Continue Reading Below Comeback with 'Circus' Only a few weeks after her personal crisis, Spears enjoyed a well-received guest appearance on the popular sitcom How I Met Your Mother. That summer she made a triumphant return to the MTV Video Music Awards, bringing home three awards for the single "Piece of Me." In late 2008, Spears released her next album, Circus, which rose to the top of the charts thanks in large part to the success of her No. 1 single "Womanizer." Rolling Stone critic Caryn Ganz heralded the album as "clubby, adventurous pop." The singer's fans agreed, sending the singles "Circus" and "If U Seek Amy" into the Billboard Top 10 and Top 20, respectively. Spears seemed to have settled down after a turbulent time, telling Glamour magazine that "I don't like going out. ... I love my home and staying in bed and watching Dancing with the Stars or reading a Danielle Steel novel. I'm kind of boring." 'Femme Fatale' and 'X Factor' Spears proved she could still make powerful pop music in 2011 with Femme Fatale, which featured such hits as "I Wanna Go" and "Till The World Ends." The recording climbed to the top of the charts, becoming her sixth No. 1 album. In addition to all of this commercial success, Spears seemed happier in her personal life. She and then-boyfriend Jason Trawick got engaged in December 2011, though they later split in early 2013. In 2012, Spears took on a new challenge: She joined the judges' panel of the popular singing-competition show The X Factor in its second season, embracing the role of the difficult-to-please critic. Fellow judge Simon Cowell described Spears as "very unpredictable," according to People magazine. "You never know what is going to happen. She has taken this very seriously and she's surprisingly quite mean." Despite the initial enthusiasm, Spears left the show after one season. 'Britney Jean,' 'Glory' and Las Vegas Residency In late 2013, Spears made headlines with the release of her eighth studio album, Britney Jean, which the songstress called her "most personal album ever" in a post on her Twitter page. The album's lead single, "Work Bitch," had been released ahead of the album; other tracks included "Alien," "Perfume" and "Passenger." Britney Jean received mixed reviews, with some critics calling it "introspective" and "mature," and others deeming it "forgettable." That year, Spears also began her residency at Planet Hollywood Resort & Casino in Las Vegas with the show Britney: Piece of Me. The residency was initially expected to last for two years, though the singer later signed an extension to stay through December 2017. In 2015, Spears teamed up with female rap star Iggy Azalea for the single "Pretty Girls." They performed it together at the Billboard Music Awards in May, but the song topped out at a relatively modest No. 29 in the United States. The following year, she released the album Glory and found a new love in model/trainer Sam Asghari, the two meeting while filming the video for her single "Slumber Party." Advertisem*nt - Continue Reading Below In November 2017, the pop star oversaw the opening of the Nevada Childhood Cancer Foundation’s Britney Spears Campus, an effort made possible through the donation of $1 million from her ticket sales. Further demonstrating her attachment to the Las Vegas area, she donated a painting for an auction to support victims of the October 2017 shooting massacre, with famed TV personality Robin Leach splurging $10,000 for the piece. Shortly after her Vegas residency concluded at the end of 2017, the pop star announced she would be embarking on a tour in a few months. "I'm so excited to announce that we're bringing the #PieceOfMe tour to select cities in North America, Europe and the UK!" she tweeted in late January 2018. "See you guys this summer." Family and Personal Troubles Resurface In August 2018, it was reported that Spears was ordered to pay her ex-husband Federline $100,000 in child support dues. The singer had already been shelling out $20,000 per month, but Federline wanted more for their two boys as they approached their teenage years. In January 2019, shortly before she was scheduled to begin another Las Vegas residency, Spears announced that she was taking an indefinite leave of work to support her ailing father, Jamie. In April, it was revealed that the singer had entered an "all-encompassing wellness treatment" facility amid the stress of dealing with her father's health struggles. Concerns over Spears' condition remained even after she checked out of the facility that month. In May, it was reported that the singer's mother, Lynne, was seeking to be involved in her daughter's conservatorship. Around that time, Spears' manager, Larry Rudolph, suggested that his client was in no condition to resume performing anytime soon. In August 2019, Federline obtained a restraining order for his and Spears' two children, Sean Preston and Jayden James, after an incident at the home of Spears' father. According to Federline's attorney, a "disagreement" took place after the singer took the kids to visit their grandfather, leading to a "physical altercation." Spears endured another setback in early 2020, when she was hospitalized after fracturing her foot while dancing. Watch Britney Ever After on Lifetime Movie Club QUICK FACTS Name: Britney Spears Birth Year: 1981 Birth date: December 2, 1981 Birth State: Mississippi Birth City: McComb Birth Country: United States Gender: Female Best Known For: Britney Spears has been one of the most successful — and sometimes controversial — solo acts in popular music. Six of her first seven albums reached No. 1 on the Billboard 200. Industries Pop Astrological Sign: Sagittarius Schools Professional Performing Arts School Parklane Academy Fact Check We strive for accuracy and fairness.If you see something that doesn't look right,contact us! CITATION INFORMATION Article Title: Britney Spears Biography Author: Biography.com Editors Website Name: The Biography.com website Url: https://www.biography.com/musicians/britney-spears Access Date: Publisher: A&E; Television Networks Last Updated: September 14, 2021 Original Published Date: April 2, 2014 QUOTES I don't like going out ... I love my home and staying in bed and watching Dancing with the Stars or reading a Danielle Steel novel. I'm kind of boring. I'd get bored singing the same type of songs all the time. I still love my old stuff, but you have to extend yourself and grow. I remember being in my living room and watching [Madonna] on TV. I'd dance around in my short tops and sing and dream about being her. The 30 greatest female singers of all time, ranked in order of pure vocal ability 7 March 2023, 14:56 The 30 greatest female singers of all time - Karen Carpenter, Whitney Houston and Celine Dion The 30 greatest female singers of all time - Karen Carpenter, Whitney Houston and Celine Dion. Picture: Getty Facebook share Twitter share Who is the greatest female singer of all time? There have been so many incredibly talented singers over the years, all with different types of voices, ranges and styles. ADVERTISING We've ranked 30 of the very best of the best, based purely on vocal ability, rather than their overall talent or icon status, to make for a fantastic lineup of outstanding artists. The 20 greatest male singers, ranked on vocal ability Kate Bush Kate Bush - Babooshka - Official Music Video The Queen of art-pop, Kate Bush has always had a unique singing voice, and no-one else sounds quite like her. Carole King Carole King - (You Make Me Feel Like A) Natural Woman (Live from Oakland - 1972) Carole King is not only an incredible songwriter, but she can also belt out a tune as good as anyone. See 'Natural Woman' and 'I Feel the Earth Move' for her soulful best. Dusty Springfield Dusty Springfield "Son Of A Preacher Man" on The Ed Sullivan Show Dusty Springfield's voice will always have a timeless quality to it. She summed up the sound and style of the soul pop of the '60s era, and her rich and sensual take is simply gorgeous. Cher Cher - Gypsys Tramps And Thieves Relive Tina Turner, Elton John and Cher's breathtaking live performance of 'Proud Mary' - video Even from a young age in her Sonny & Cher days, Cher had a naturally dark and smoky tone to her voice. If anything, she's only got better with age. Even when singing ABBA bangers. Madonna Madonna - Oh Father [Official Music Video] While Madonna may be considered the greatest and most successful female popstar of all time, she may not get the kudos for her actual singing voice that she deserves. Her voice is always solid and clear, with a delicate quality that works so perfectly for her brand of pop. Amy Winehouse Amy Winehouse - "Back to Black" (BEST LIVE PERFORMANCE) We only got to appreciate Amy Winehouse's fantastic voice for a short period of time. Instantly recognisable, both modern and classic at the same time, even the great Tony Bennett wanted to sing with her. Dolly Parton Dolly Parton - Jolene 19880110 One of the best country voices of all time, Dolly's strong use of vibrato and her Tennessee accent is unique, but always provides a unique and sensual quality to her songs. Diana Ross Diana Ross - Ain´t No Mountain High Enough (Live on Diana!, 1971) Diana Ross has an uncanny ability to make her voice sound youthful and sweet throughout the decades, and there are few that sound as smooth. But don't let that fool you, she packs a punch when she wants to. Donna Summer Donna Summer - Last Dance (from VH1 Presents Live & More Encore!) Donna Summer was someone who proved time and again how much range she had. Not only with the notes, but the style. She could either belt out a disco anthem, or sing so incredibly soft and sweet, sometimes in the same song. Stevie Nicks Stevie Nicks - Dreams (Live In Chicago) When it comes to a more rocky singing voice, there's perhaps no better than Fleetwood Mac's Stevie Nicks. She always produces a sweet and powerful sound that's gruff in all the right places. Adele Adele - Set Fire To The Rain (Live at The Royal Albert Hall) While other singers may go for tricks and wails, Adele prefers to keep things simple and let her bluesy vocals showcase her amazing talent. Always seemingly effortless and full of emotion, Adele is a true national treasure. Nina Simone Ain't Got No, I Got Life - Nina Simone Nina Simone had such a distinctive voice during her career, and there's no one else like her. She had a very rich and soulful voice, and enjoyed giving surprise vocal runs and other improvisations that you'd not expect. Beyoncé Beyoncé - If I Were A Boy (GRAMMYs on CBS) One of the most powerful voices of modern times, Beyoncé Knowles had a clear talent even back in the early Destiny's Child days, that separated her from similar R&B singers of the era. What's even more impressive is that she can also dance without ever really seeing her voice slip up. Lady Gaga Lady Gaga - Million Reasons (Live At Royal Variety Performance) Although she started her career with pop-dance anthems, it was always clear from the start that Lady Gaga possessed an incredible voice. It was even more clear to see in the Oscar-winning A Star is Born that showcased how powerful and rich her voice is. Kelly Clarkson Kelly Clarkson - Higher Love (Live at the 2020 Billboard Music Awards) The original winner of American Idol Kelly Clarkson has proved her staying power thanks to her utterly stunning voice, and her ability to sing pretty much anything from any genre. Etta James Etta James - I'd Rather Go Blind (Live at Montreux 1975) No-one quite packed a punch like Etta James. She had the ability to play it sweet and soft as in 'At Last', or as a powerful belter like 'I Just Wanna Make Love to You'. She always showed a pure raw energy and emotion in her vocals, and could adapt to whatever song came her way. Julie Andrews "Do-Re-Mi" - THE SOUND OF MUSIC (1965) Classically-trained Julie Andrews has such a gorgeous tone and clarity to her voice. It's clear that she was a seasoned Broadway and West End performer from a young age. If you want musicals, Julie's your person. Billie Holiday Billie Holiday - "Strange Fruit" Live 1959 [Reelin' In The Years Archives] If you want pure emotion, like their entire life story is pouring out of every song they perform, then look no further than Billie Holiday. While she might not have the wide vocal range of other singers, it was her delivery and passion that made her a standout, even 60 years since her death. Gladys Knight Gladys Knight - "Midnight Train to Georgia" | LIVE at The Kennedy Center Forever effortless, always powerful. Gladys Knight was one of the greatest soul singers of her generation, and if anything her vocal talent has just got better with age. Christina Aguilera Christina Aguilera - Beautiful [Live] (CNN Heroes) High Definition Out of all the pop stars that emerged in the 21st century, Christina Aguilera would be hard to beat in the vocal talent stakes. Christina Aguilera shares amazing throwback clip of her singing Etta James aged 7 She has one of the largest ranges - four octaves - and you've got to love the distinctive Christina 'growl'. Shirley Bassey Shirley Bassey "Goldfinger" - Live at Royal Albert Hall, 1974. There's a reason Shirley Bassey is the only artist to record three James Bond themes - there's simply no-one quite like her who could command such a powerful, if a bit cheeky, presence. From her days as a young singer of ballads in the 1950s, to still belting out soul anthems today, there's only one Dame Shirley. Annie Lennox Annie Lennox - Sweet Dreams (Live 8 2005) Annie Lennox proved that there was room for soul and emotion in the world of electronic pop when she burst onto the scene with Eurythmics. Read more: Queen, David Bowie and Annie Lennox's powerful 'Under Pressure' performance in tribute to Freddie Mercury With each new release, either with her band or as a solo artist, Annie keeps showing how powerful and strong her voice is, whether it's an upbeat pop song or a heartfelt ballad. Tina Turner Tina Turner - What's Love Got To Do With It (Live) Tina Turner has one of the most versatile voices in this list. She can command soft ballads or stadium rock anthems in a way that makes her music so appealing to so many. Barbra Streisand Barbra Streisand - Somewhere (Live 1986) Barbra Streisand is one of the few performers to win the prestigious EGOT (Emmy, Grammy, Oscar and Tony Awards), so it's no surprise she's so high up on this list. The fact that she's an amazing actress also translates to the emotion and delivery of her songs, which always sound so effortless and easy to listen to. Karen Carpenter Carpenters - Superstar When it comes to underrated singers, we'd argue that Karen Carpenter is overlooked the most. While others up in the top 10 of our list are known for belting out their songs, Karen kept things simple, and let her incredibly smooth and low voice bring all the emotion and feeling required. Ella Fitzgerald Ella Fitzgerald - Summertime (1968) The First Lady of Song may not have had the vocal ranges of Mariah or Celine, but she more than made up for that with her incredible tone and diction. Ella's voice was so flawless and silky smooth, that we'd be happy to hear her sing the dictionary for 10 hours. Mariah Carey Mariah Carey - Without You (Live Video Version) Soprano Mariah Carey is a rare breed of musical talent. She can sing five - yes, five - octaves, and she almost sounds operatic at times. She also has a smoky and husky quality at times, which only adds to the drama. Celine Dion Céline Dion - The Power of Love (Live in Boston, 2008) Celine has always had a great understanding of the powers of her voice, and she's always on top form. Whether it's belting out a power ballad with all the vocal runs and tricks, or keeping things simple with a breathy ballad. Read more: This video of Celine Dion singing in 9 different languages is absolutely incredible Possibly the greatest live performer in terms of longevity, Celine is arguably the greatest living singer. Aretha Franklin Aretha Franklin - I Say A Little Prayer: her very best performance! The Queen of Soul was unrivalled for decades when it came to having the best singing voice on the planet. Read more: 5 of Aretha Franklin's greatest live performances, from 'Nessun Dorma' to 'Natural Woman' Using her gospel background to her advantage, Aretha had such an incredibly powerful and passionate voice. Even 50 years after her debut, she brought audiences to tears with her performances. Whitney Houston Whitney houston - i have nothing live! [billboard 1993] The only person to arguably beat Aretha to the top spot in this list is Whitney Houston. From a very young age, it was obvious just how insanely talented this woman was. Read more: When Whitney Houston sang the national anthem so powerfully she moved a nation to tears She could go up and down with different ranges with ease, keep things soft and warm or belt them out like a proper diva. At the height of her powers, no-one could match her effortless ability. Madonna's songs have been breaking boundaries for more than three decades. PHOTOFEST OUR LIST OF the Madonna‘s 50 greatest songs is a fitting tribute to the 2008 Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inductee, whose gift to songwriting is matched only by her skill for finding the right partners to unlock her creativity: Prince, William Orbit, Diplo, Justin Timberlake and more. The stories behind Madonna’s songs reveal the evolution of the only artist in the world who’s equally at home in the club, in the church and on the catwalk; there are psychosexual dramas, disco reveries, tear-jerking ballads and pop songs that unite the globe – all by an artist who has never risked making the same album twice. “I don’t think about my old stuff,” she told Rolling Stone in 2015. “I just move forward.” Madonna is as restless as she is relentlessly imaginative – and we just can’t look away. 50 “Die Another Day” (from ‘Die Another Day,’ 2002) madonna, madonna greatest hits, madonna rolling stone, madonna best songs, madonna 80s, madonna 90s PHOTOFEST Madonna made a cameo as Pierce Brosnan's saucy fencing instructor in the James Bond flick Die Another Day and recorded its theme song. Madonna and Mirwais brought in French composer Michel Colombier after MGM execs told them to make their demo more in line with the Bond vibe. Colombier went in a "film-score-esque" direction. "Sixty real strings, played live, became audio files in his computer," said Colombier, "chopped like pieces of fabric." It was the biggest Bond theme in ages. 49 “Act of Contrition” (from ‘Like a Prayer,’ 1989) madonna, madonna greatest hits, madonna rolling stone, madonna best songs, madonna 80s, madonna 90s PHOTOFEST The final song on "Like a Prayer" is the perfect way to cap off one of the most Catholic albums ever. Over a searing (uncredited) Prince solo and a backward tape loop of the Andraé Crouch Choir's performance on "Like a Prayer," Madonna recites the Roman Catholic prayer of confession and repentance – which just happened to be in her head at the time. "That was totally conceived of in the studio," she said. "I just started fooling around. Whatever was in my head. It's totally unedited." 48 “Me Against the Music” (from ‘In the Zone,’ 2003) madonna, madonna greatest hits, madonna rolling stone, madonna best songs, madonna 80s, madonna 90s PHOTOFEST Madonna and Britney Spears made history when they kissed at the 2003 MTV Video Music Awards. But they did more that night than merely swap spit: Spears played the Queen of Pop a new song from her upcoming LP, In the Zone, and Madonna offered to make it a duet. Cowritten by The-Dream and Tricky Stewart, "Me Against the Music" is a propulsive ode to dance-floor revelation with a beloved music video in which the singers tussle and taunt each other with impressive gymnastic moves. 47 “Bedtime Story” (from ‘Bedtime Stories,’ 1994) madonna, madonna greatest hits, madonna rolling stone, madonna best songs, madonna 80s, madonna 90s PHOTOFEST Icelandic pop innovator Björk has long been a Madonna fan. "I'm not going to get into the things she's done for women," Björk told Rolling Stone in 1994. "You'd fall asleep, there are so many." She wasn't sure how to approach her contribution to Bedtime Stories: "I couldn't really picture me doing a song that would suit her. But on second thought, I decided… to write the things I've always wanted to hear her say." What emerged was an atmospheric, house-tinged exploration of feelings so powerful they transcend language – "Traveling, leaving logic and reason," Madonna sings. It helped pave the way for future EDM experiments. 46 “Papa Don’t Preach” (from ‘True Blue,’ 1986) madonna, madonna greatest hits, madonna rolling stone, madonna best songs, madonna 80s, madonna 90s PHOTOFEST "Papa Don't Preach" was the only song on True Blue that Madonna didn't have a significant hand in writing. "When I first heard this song, I thought it was silly," she told The New York Times. "But then I thought, 'Wait a minute, this song is really about a girl…[who] has a very close relationship with her father and wants to maintain that closeness.' To me, it's a celebration of life." Though conservatives tried to grasp onto the song as a pro-life anthem, Madonna was clear it was all about a woman's autonomy. "Ronald Reagan is one papa who shouldn't preach," she told Rolling Stone in 1987. 45 “This Used to Be My Playground” (from ‘Barcelona Gold,’ 1992) madonna, madonna greatest hits, madonna rolling stone, madonna best songs, madonna 80s, madonna 90s PHOTOFEST Madonna co-starred with Tom Hanks and Rosie O'Donnell in the baseball movie A League of Their Own and penned this darkly sentimental song for its soundtrack. She threw it together in two frenzied days toward the end of the sessions for 1992's Erotica – coming up with the melody by humming over computer-generated chords and rewriting a string arrangement while an orchestra waited patiently in the studio. The song became a huge hit, breaking her tie with Whitney Houston to become the female singer with the most Number One singles at the time. 44 “Hollywood” (from ‘American Life,’ 2003) madonna, madonna greatest hits, madonna rolling stone, madonna best songs, madonna 80s, madonna 90s PHOTOFEST After a pair of well-received albums (1998's Ray of Light and 2000's Music), 2003's American Life was an artistic and commercial disappointment. Still, nobody could deny the power of "Hollywood," where an acoustic-guitar riff locks into a strict beat as Madonna sings about the pleasures and pains of America's dreamiest city. "Hollywood," Madonna mused on the set of the song's video, is "the city of dreams, the city of distraction, the city of superficiality. It's the place to go get distracted from what's really important in life. And you can lose your memory… You can lose everything. You can lose yourself." 43 “Ghosttown” (from ‘Rebel Heart,’ 2015) PHOTOFEST This lush standout from Rebel Heart is about sticking with a partner after civilization has fallen apart. "At the end of the day, if we run out of oil and we don't have electricity and we don't have all the modern conveniences, and we have no phones and computers, all we're going to have is each other," Madonna said. "That song's about recognizing that." She wrote the track in three days with a team that included Sean Douglas (the son of actor Michael Keaton), whose work on the 2014 Jason Derulo hit "Talk Dirty" had caught Madonna's ear. "I basically checked it off my life bucket list," Douglas said. 42 “Bad Girl” (from ‘Erotica,’ 1992) PHOTOFEST "Bad Girl" is a somber, guilt-ridden ballad sung from the perspective of a woman pursuing a series of unsatisfying one-night stands: "Drunk by six/ Kissing someone else's lips," she sings. "I'm not happy when I act this way." Cowriter and producer Shep Pettibone later recalled how amazed he was at Madonna's ability to write and record quickly: "Madonna has an incredible mind. She locks the melody into her head and memorizes the words immediately. Madonna's stories were getting a lot more serious and intense, driving the creative direction of the songs into deeply personal territory." 41 “Everybody” (from ‘Madonna,’ 1983) PHOTOFEST When Madonna handed her friend Mark Kamins her cheaply recorded four-song demo one night at New York’s Danceteria, one song immediately grabbed him. “She brought [‘Everybody’] up to the booth,” Kamins recalled. “I listened to it, played it and got a great reaction.” The song ended up getting her a contract with Sire Records. As Sire president Seymour Stein remembered, “I was in the hospital, hooked up to a penicillin drip. I listened to ‘Everybody,’ and I loved it. It was a deal for three singles and an option for albums afterward. I would have gone down to the bank and withdrawn my own money to sign her if I had to.” 40 “La Isla Bonita” (from ‘True Blue,’ 1986) madonna, madonna greatest hits, madonna rolling stone, madonna best songs, madonna 80s, madonna 90s PHOTOFEST "La Isla Bonita" was unlike anything Madonna had recorded before, a Latin-tinged uptempo ballad complete with Spanish guitar, Cuban percussion and lyrics that explored dreams of exotic San Pedro. Madonna wrote the song with Patrick Leonard and Bruce Gaitsch. "She's very good at finding a lyrical theme that fits the mood of the music," Leonard recalled. He originally penned "La Isla Bonita" for Michael Jackson (whom he'd previously worked with on the Jacksons' Victory tour and album). But Jackson didn't like the title, so Leonard tried it out on Madonna, who tailored the lyrics to fit her own idea of "the beauty and mystery of Latin American people." "I don't know where that came from," she told Rolling Stone years later, in reference to the song's specific imagery. "I don't know where San Pedro is. At that point, I wasn't a person who went on holidays to beautiful islands. I may have been on the way to the studio and seen an exit ramp for San Pedro." The video, in which she played a flamenco dancer, was one of her most theatrical Eighties clips, and its drama has impacted many of her inheritors – Lady Gaga famously ripped it off for her 2009 hit "Alejandro." 39 “Bitch I’m Madonna” (from ‘Rebel Heart,’ 2015) madonna, madonna greatest hits, madonna rolling stone, madonna best songs, madonna 80s, madonna 90s PHOTOFEST Thirteen albums into her career, Madonna issued the ultimate kiss-off: a frantic, grinding jam stocked with tempo changes and attitude for days. Many songs on 2015's Rebel Heart react to ageism and sexism in the music industry. "Women, when they reach a certain age, have accepted that they're not allowed to behave a certain way," she told Rolling Stone. "But I never follow the rules. I never did, and I'm not going to start." Diplo produced the track and Nicki Minaj contributed a biting rap. "It's a back-and-forth until she gets it right," Madonna said of teaming with Minaj. "It's a total collaboration." 38 “Keep It Together” (from ‘Like a Prayer,’ 1989) PHOTOFEST "Family is everything. Family comes first," Madonna once said. "It's not what I expected it to be, but nothing ever is." 1989's Like a Prayer had heavy meditations on this theme like "Promise to Try" and "Oh Father." This more upbeat track recalls Sly and the Family Stone's "Family Affair" and Sister Sledge's "We Are Family," with Madonna singing, "Brothers and sisters hold the key… Don't forget that your family is gold." She called "Keep It Together" a tribute to Sly, adding, "The overall emotional context of the album is drawn from what I was going through when I was growing up – and I'm still growing up." 37 “Deeper and Deeper” (from ‘Erotica,’ 1992) PHOTOFEST "Deeper and Deeper" is a house-flavored track complete with a reference to Madonna's soon-to-be dance-floor classic "Vogue" – "Let your body move to the music," she sings. "We got to that point, and we're like, 'What the hell. Let's have fun with it,'" producer Shep Pettibone recalled. Pettibone, who also produced "Vogue," wasn't as excited about Madonna's request to throw in a flamenco guitar solo midway through the track but acquiesced to the woman in charge: "I didn't like the idea of taking a Philly house song and putting 'La Isla Bonita' in the middle of it. But that's what she wanted, so that's what she got." 36 “Hanky Panky” (from ‘I’m Breathless,’ 1990) PHOTOFEST On her Blond Ambition Tour in 1990, Madonna said of "Hanky Panky," "You may not know this song, but you know the pleasures of a good spanking." She based this jazzy ode to the rough stuff on a line from Breathless Mahoney, the character she played in the film Dick Tracy ("You don't know if you want to hit me or kiss me"). "Some girls, they like candy, and others, they like to grind," she sang. "I'll settle for the back of your hand somewhere on my behind." For Madonna, the concept was tongue-in-cheek. When some people took her seriously, she shot back, "Try it and I'll knock your f***ing head off." 35 “Lucky Star” (from ‘Madonna,’ 1983) PHOTOFEST With its shimmery synth intro and an inspired double-entendre about a lover's "heavenly body," "Lucky Star" makes for the perfect opening track on Madonna's first album. She originally wrote the tune for Mark Kamins – the New York club DJ who produced her first single, "Everybody" – in the hope he'd play it in his sets at Danceteria. After recording an R&B-leaning demo with Reggie Lucas, she turned to Jellybean Benitez for guidance. He in turn polished it off with a funky, jittering guitar line. After MTV put the song's video in rotation, hair ribbons and cut-off gloves became a must-have teenage fashion. 34 “4 Minutes” (from ‘Hard Candy,’ 2008) madonna, madonna greatest hits, madonna rolling stone, madonna best songs, madonna 80s, madonna 90s PHOTOFEST Madonna’s 2008 album Hard Candy saw her return to the sexually charged pop of her earlier days. After years of working with producers from the world of dance music, she collaborated with R&B and hip-hop stars like Timbaland, Pharrell Williams and Kanye West. “They’re good,” she said, “and I like their s**t.” The album’s raucous, Timbaland-helmed lead single paired her alongside Justin Timberlake for a marching-band-led throwdown with an insistent “tick-tock-tick-tock-tick-tock” refrain. “It’s kind of a funny paradox, like we’re saying, ‘We’re running out of time – people, wake up,'” Madonna said. “‘But if we are going to save the world, can we please have a good time while we’re doing it?'” The singer was focused on raising awareness for children in Malawi, and she clicked with Timberlake when the two started sessions by “talking about something we cared about.” The result: a track that’s half protest song, half party. “I like his phrasing when he writes music,” Madonna said of Timberlake. “I like his approach. He’s playful but at the same time really professional.” Said Timberlake of working with Madonna, “We went down into the valleys together and we came out on top of mountains.” 33 “True Blue” (from ‘True Blue,’ 1986) madonna, madonna greatest hits, madonna rolling stone, madonna best songs, madonna 80s, madonna 90s PHOTOFEST From its quaint shuffle rhythm and its twinkling chimes to its charming video, "True Blue" found Madonna sounding blissfully smitten. At the time, she was. The singer had married Sean Penn the year before, and she named this girl-group-steeped song (and the album it appeared on) after a favorite expression of Penn's. By the end of the Eighties, Madonna would both divorce Penn and stop performing the song in concert, but she still looked back at it fondly; in 1998, when an interviewer asked her what the words "true blue" reminded her of, she answered, "Romance." 32 “I Deserve It” (from ‘Music,’ 2000) madonna, madonna greatest hits, madonna rolling stone, madonna best songs, madonna 80s, madonna 90s PHOTOFEST According to Madonna, "I Deserve It" is a love song, but a lonely one. The curiously earnest Music track couples searching lyrics with acoustic strumming and increasingly dissonant keyboards. "The juxtaposition of the acoustic guitar and then that synth siren sound, to me, that strange combination makes it a little bit uncomfortable," she said. But what makes the tune a standout is Madonna's vocals, which producer Mirwais chose to leave unsullied by digital processing. "At first, I was disturbed because I hadn't done that in a long time," Madonna said. "But then I started to see the purity of it." 31 “Gambler” (from ‘Vision Quest,’ 1985) madonna, madonna greatest hits, madonna rolling stone, madonna best songs, madonna 80s, madonna 90s PHOTOFEST Madonna recorded two songs for the 1985 flick Vision Quest – "Crazy for You" and this urgent-sounding dance track. She'd written the song herself and recorded it with Jellybean Benitez around the time her debut album was being released. The song's assertive feel jelled well with the movie's theme, especially the story of its hard-to-get heroine (played by Linda Fiorentino). "'The Gambler' is really the girl's point of view, because she's, like, an unstoppable person," Madonna said. "She doesn't really need this guy." Offscreen, it became a Virgin Tour staple despite never being released as a single. 30 “Take a Bow” (from ‘Bedtime Stories,’ 1994) madonna, madonna greatest hits, madonna rolling stone, madonna best songs, madonna 80s, madonna 90s PHOTOFEST Madonna ended Bedtime Stories in grand style with this Shakespeare-quoting ballad, in which she tells a no-good lover, "Take a bow, the night is over/The masquerade is getting older." Madonna wrote the song with Kenneth "Babyface" Edmonds, then on a roll thanks to R&B hits by TLC and Toni Braxton. "She came to me for lush ballads, so that's where we went," Edmonds recalled years later. "I wasn't so much thinking about the charts. I think I was more in awe of the fact that I was working with Madonna. It was initially surreal. Then you get to know the person a little bit and you can calm down." 29 “Frozen” (from ‘Ray of Light,’ 1998 ) PHOTOFEST Cold and cinematic, the electro-inflected ballad "Frozen" was designed to express Madonna's feelings of "retaliation, revenge, hate [and] regret." She had drawn inspiration from the 1990 Debra Winger movie The Sheltering Sky, about a couple attempting to save their marriage during a difficult trip in North Africa. The film informed both the song's love-under-pressure theme and its Moroccan-influenced beats. As she wrote it, Madonna became so entranced that her original demo stretched to 10 minutes. In the video, filmed in California's Mojave Desert, she strove to portray the "embodiment of female angst." 28 “Cherish” (from ‘Like a Prayer,’ 1989) PHOTOFEST "Cherish" is one of Madonna's most optimistic love songs, a tune about a romance inspired by Romeo and Juliet's. By her own account, it came from a pure place. "[I wrote it] in a superhyper-positive state of mind that I knew was not going to last," she said. The tune itself had staying power, making it to Number Two, thanks in part to a sleek, playful video directed by fashion photographer Herb Ritts. The success of "Cherish" surprised Madonna. "The songs that I think are the most retarded songs I've written, like 'Cherish'… end up being the biggest hits," she once said. 27 “Don’t Tell Me” (from ‘Music,’ 2000) PHOTOFEST Madonna surprised listeners with this twangy take on electro pop. But the song originated in another genre entirely. "Don't Tell Me" began as a tango written by her brother-in-law, singer-songwriter Joe Henry, that Madonna and French producer Mirwais reworked during sessions in London for Music. The singer says she was initially drawn in by "the sentiment of it, the defiance, the attitude of it – 'Don't tell me to stop,'" she said. "Just loved that." In talking about the differences between his version and hers, Henry said, "I realized that, you know, groove is everything." 26 “Beautiful Stranger” (from ‘The Spy Who Shagged Me,’ 1999) PHOTOFEST In 1993, Madonna told actor Mike Myers, "We should do a remake of Some Like It Hot, only with you and Garth playing the Tony Curtis/Jack Lemmon parts. Sharon Stone should play the Marilyn Monroe part, and I'm gonna play the bandleader." That never came to pass. But Madonna did end up recording a hit for the soundtrack to 1999's Austin Powers sequel, The Spy Who Shagged Me. Madonna and producer William Orbit married the electronica of Ray of Light and Sixties psych-pop. Introducing the video on the U.K. show Top of the Pops, she gave the song a simple review: "It's groovy, baby." 25 “Where’s the Party” (from ‘True Blue,’ 1986) madonna, madonna greatest hits, madonna rolling stone, madonna best songs, madonna 80s, madonna 90s PHOTOFEST “I want to free my soul,” Madonna sang on “Where’s the Party,” an ode to weekend good times that recalled the energetic escapism of “Everybody” and “Holiday.” It might’ve seemed a little like a light afterthought on True Blue, amid ambitious songs like “Papa Don’t Preach” and “La Isla Bonita.” But it had a deeper meaning, serving as a veiled response to her mean-spirited press coverage. Speaking with The New York Times around the release of True Blue, she called the song “my ultimate reminder to myself that I want to enjoy life and not let the press get to me, because every once in a while it does.” 24 “Physical Attraction” (from ‘Madonna,’ 1983) madonna, madonna greatest hits, madonna rolling stone, madonna best songs, madonna 80s, madonna 90s PHOTOFEST This flirty early track offered a subtle suggestion of the more provocative statements she had in store. "Physical Attraction" was the killer B-side to "Burning Up," a Number Three dance hit that promised huge potential for Sire Records' new signee. "Reggie [Lucas] wrote two of the songs: 'Borderline' and 'Physical Attraction,'" recalled Sire's Michael Rosenblatt. "The rest were Madonna songs." Lucas summed up the freedom of those early sessions: "There was no committee rendering judgment from on high," he said, "because she was brand new and frankly nobody cared about her that much." 23 “Who’s That Girl” (from ‘Who’s That Girl,’ 1987) madonna, madonna greatest hits, madonna rolling stone, madonna best songs, madonna 80s, madonna 90s PHOTOFEST When Madonna needed music for her third movie, tentatively titled Slammer, she quickly came up with a hit. “I had this chorus,” co-writer Patrick Leonard recalled. “She went in the back room with a cassette of that. I worked out the rest of the parts and she finished the melody and the lyrics. She said, ‘We’ll call it “Who’s That Girl,” and I think that’s a better title than Slammer, so we’ll change the title of the movie, too.'” Loosely based around her character in Who’s That Girl (“feisty femme” Nikki Finn), the song is a bright dance-popper that fared much better than the lackluster film it was tied to. 22 “Holiday” (from ‘Madonna,’ 1983) madonna, madonna greatest hits, madonna rolling stone, madonna best songs, madonna 80s, madonna 90s PHOTOFEST Madonna was nearing the final stages of production on her debut album when Sire Records A&R rep Michael Rosenblatt decided it needed one more surefire pop song. "Something much more uptempo," he recalled. "I needed to get more money to finish the record. So [Sire president] Seymour [Stein] said, 'Take her down to L.A., have her meet the executives at Warner Bros.' Once she got out to L.A., everybody started buzzing." After securing the $10,000 he needed to finance the new track, Rosenblatt returned to New York, where he met with Madonna's co-producers Jellybean Benitez and Reggie Lucas, telling them, "Whoever comes up with an uptempo dance song gets to produce it." Three days later, Benitez brought him "Holiday." Written by Curtis Hudson and Lisa Stevens of the group Pure Energy, and revamped by Benitez and Madonna (who played cowbell on it), "Holiday" was first released as the B-side to a 12-inch version of "Lucky Star," serviced to club DJs. It would soon become Madonna's first Top 20 single. "I knew that as soon as DJs saw John 'Jellybean' Benitez on the 'Holiday' side, that was it," Benitez recalled, "because DJs stick together." 21 “Human Nature” (from ‘Bedtime Stories,’ 1994) madonna, madonna greatest hits, madonna rolling stone, madonna best songs, madonna 80s, madonna 90s PHOTOFEST "The song is basically saying, 'Don't put me in a box, don't pin me down, don't tell me what I can and can't say,'" Madonna said of this pointed response to conservative scolds. "It's about breaking out of restraints." The lyrics directly take on the media firestorm Madonna started with her Erotica album and tour and her 1992 photo book, Sex. "Did I say something wrong?/Oops, I didn't know I couldn't talk about sex," she sings matter-of-factly. Musically, the song is a foray into hip-hop and R&B, sampling a jazzy beat from Main Source and biting some vocal phrasing from A Tribe Called Quest's "Electric Relaxation." 20 “Drowned World/ Substitute for Love” (from ‘Ray of Light,’ 1998) madonna, madonna greatest hits, madonna rolling stone, madonna best songs, madonna 80s, madonna 90s PHOTOFEST Between 1994’s Bedtime Stories and 1998’s Ray of Light, Madonna became a mother, giving birth to her daughter Lourdes. She addressed that life-changing moment on Ray of Light‘s opening track, a ballad exploring epiphanies about fame and family. “I got pregnant, and the whole idea of giving birth and being responsible for another life put me in a different place,” she said in 1998. “People have been obsessed with the idea that I am always reinventing myself, [but] I’d rather think that I’m slowly revealing myself.” 19 “What It Feels Like for a Girl” (from ‘Music’, 2000) PHOTOFEST Guy Ritchie's violent video for this woozy track was Madonna's second clip to be banned by MTV. The song opens with a clip of singer-actress Charlotte Gainsbourg's meditation on gender from the 1993 film The Cement Garden, making Madonna's point crystal-clear. "Our generation has been encouraged to grab life by the balls, be superindependent," Madonna said in 2001, "and I realized that smart, sassy girls who accomplish a lot are really frightening to men… That's also what that song is about: swallowing that bitter pill." 18 “Angel” (from ‘Like a Virgin,’ 1984) PHOTOFEST “I think it’s important to call angels to you to protect you,” Madonna once said. “That’s part of the ritualistic moment. The calling of angels.” That side of Madonna’s Catholicism came out on the third single from Like a Virgin, an ode to a heavenly love “full of wonder and surprise” complete with the sound of her giggling voice on the intro. “Angel” began as a demo written with Stephen Bray. When it was released, Madonna chose not to shoot a video for the song (probably because so many of her other videos were still in heavy rotation at the time), but Sire Records created one by stitching together bits of existing clips 17 “Justify My Love” (from ‘The Immaculate Collection,’ 1990) PHOTOFEST With its spare, submerged groove (based around a Public Enemy sample) and breathless vocal, "Justify My Love" is one of Madonna's most understated hits. The song was written by Lenny Kravitz and Prince-collaborator Ingrid Chavez, who culled most of the original lyrics from a love letter she wrote (but didn't mail) to Kravitz. When MTV banned its dreamy, erotic video, Madonna went on Nightline to explain her intentions. "We're dealing with sexual fantasies," she said. "And being truthful and honest with our partner, and these feelings exist. I'm just dealing with the truth here." 16 “Open Your Heart” (from ‘True Blue,’ 1986) PHOTOFEST "Open Your Heart" was originally a rock tune called "Follow Your Heart" by songwriters Gardner Cole and Peter Rafelson, who intended the song to be recorded by Cyndi Lauper. The Temptations were also in the running to cut the track. "The original didn't fit what Madonna was doing at the time," Cole recalled. But Madonna and Patrick Leonard flipped the arrangement, added a bass line and turned it into a quintessential clipped-beat Eighties dance-pop jam. Hooked to a stunning peep-show-themed video, "Open Your Heart" became Madonna's third Number One single off True Blue. 15 “Dress You Up” (from ‘Like a Virgin,’ 1984) PHOTOFEST The PG-rated fifth hit off of Like a Virgin is a snappy love pledge that might be Nile Rodgers' funkiest production on the album, was mystifyingly flagged, alongside W.A.S.P.'s "Animal (F*** Like a Beast)," in 1985 by the media watchdog group Parents Music Resource Center in its "Filthy Fifteen." The song became a style anthem for a generation of young Madonna wannabe's. You can see them in the song's video – a live performance from The Virgin Tour – a pop army in lace gloves and shades. As Rodgers wrote in his memoir: "In a low-res world, she was high-definition hyperrealism." 14 “Promise to Try” (from ‘Like a Prayer,’ 1989) madonna, madonna greatest hits, madonna rolling stone, madonna best songs, madonna 80s, madonna 90s PHOTOFEST A piano ballad with a lush string backdrop, Madonna's great tearjerker was written (with help from wingman Patrick Leonard) about her mother, Madonna Fortin Ciccone, who died of breast cancer when her daughter was five years old. "Little girl don't you forget her face/Laughing away your tears/When she was the one who felt all the pain," Madge sings, channeling multiple voices. "It's my father talking to me," she said in 1989, and "it's me talking to me." The song soundtracks Madonna's visit to her mom's grave in Truth or Dare, and remains her most vulnerable emoting on record. 13 “Material Girl” (from ‘Like a Virgin,’ 1984) madonna, madonna greatest hits, madonna rolling stone, madonna best songs, madonna 80s, madonna 90s PHOTOFEST Madonna didn’t write the song and in time didn’t feel it represented her (“I am not a materialistic person…[things] are not mandatory for my happiness,” she told Rolling Stone in 2009). But she liked its gawky swagger, which, combined with producer Nile Rodgers’ clipped, New Wave robo-funk sheen, equaled another major chart hit. “I didn’t think ‘Like a Virgin’ was going to be the song that did it for us,” recalled Rodgers. “I thought it was going to be ‘Material Girl.’ ‘Material Girl’ to me was cool, and to this day what do people call Madonna? They call her the Material Girl. They don’t call her the Virgin.” 12 “Express Yourself” (from ‘Like a Prayer,’ 1989) madonna, madonna greatest hits, madonna rolling stone, madonna best songs, madonna 80s, madonna 90s PHOTOFEST Madonna's great girl-power anthem springboards off the Staple Singers' 1971 "Respect Yourself" into Eighties dancepop heaven. Madonna urges ladies to be more assertive with their men ("If you don't say what you want, then you're not going to get it," she testified). It hit Number Two in the U.S., and resulted in the most expensive music video ever made at the time, directed by a young David Fincher. It's a song so iconic, Lady Gaga basically reupholstered it for "Born This Way." "When I heard [it] on the radio… I said, 'That sounds very familiar,'" Madonna quipped. And no surprise, it sounded just as grand. 11 “Crazy for You” (from ‘Vision Quest’, 1985) madonna, madonna greatest hits, madonna rolling stone, madonna best songs, madonna 80s, madonna 90s PHOTOFEST Madonna's second Number One single was a carbonated ballad with propulsive production by Jellybean Benitez. To some, it was a surprise: Upon hearing she'd be recording it, the song's co-writer John Bettis' response was, "Excuse me? Madonna? Really? Can she sing a song like that?" The single was the highlight of the film Vision Quest, soundtracking high school wrestler Matthew Modine falling for art-girl Linda Fiorentino in a perfect reflection of mainstream America falling for arty-underground club kid Madonna Louise Ciccone. The movie even features Madge belting it out in her first screen appearance. 10 “Burning Up” (from ‘Madonna’, 1983) madonna, madonna greatest hits, madonna rolling stone, madonna best songs, madonna 80s, madonna 90s PHOTOFEST Part of a four-song one fateful New York night, this club banger was re-recorded with producer Reggie Lucas and then remixed by Eighties club genius Jellybean Benitez. The upshot is a freestyle electro-jam spiked with horndog rock guitar. "Burning Up" came with a steamy-stylish video in which Madonna writhes in a short skirt and crucifix earrings on a dark suburban road, and ended up scaling the dance charts. "I knew she was gonna be big," Benitez said. "That her album could go gold. I never thought it could go six-times platinum." 9 “Music” (from ‘Music’, 2000) madonna, madonna greatest hits, madonna rolling stone, madonna best songs, madonna 80s, madonna 90s PHOTOFEST After years spent making albums that bridged boundaries of race, gender and sexual orientation, Madonna finally wrote a tune explicitly devoted to the democratizing power of music itself. But her inspiration for this glitchy disco throwdown didn't come from her early days in New York's wild club scene – it emerged at a Sting concert where fans were well-behaved until the musician played old Police hits. "Everyone was practically holding hands… I mean, it really moved me," she told Rolling Stone in 2000. "And I thought, 'That's what music does to people.'" The track, propelled by French dance music producer Mirwais' pounding beat, was a Number One smash, and its video (featuring a little-known Sacha Baron Cohen) showed Madonna skillfully uniting the bourgeoisie and the rebel, even as she was five-and-a-half months pregnant. 8 “Ray of Light” (from ‘Ray of Light,’ 1998) PHOTOFEST Before William Orbit and Madonna began collaborating on her 1998 album, Ray of Light, the producer mailed over a DAT with 13 songs, including an interpolation of Clive Maldoon and Dave Curtiss' Seventies psych-folk epic "Sepheryn." Madonna adjusted the lyrics to capture more of a sense of "wonderment," the feeling of "looking at the world finally with your eyes open… A ray of light to me is hope. We are zooming forward, but that doesn't mean you can lose touch with the spiritual side of things." Sonically, the song was more than just a leap into futuristic electronica – its complex breakbeats, clanging guitars and grooved-out organs were topped with Madonna's most powerfully sung vocals to date, the result of vocal training she'd done for her role in the 1996 movie Evita. "I learned how to sing in a way that I never did before, so it really influenced my songwriting," she said. Said Orbit of working on Ray of Light, "Madonna's production involvement was a major factor in this record, and it's something that shouldn't be overlooked." 7 “Live to Tell” (from ‘True Blue,’ 1986) madonna, madonna greatest hits, madonna rolling stone, madonna best songs, madonna 80s, madonna 90s PHOTOFEST "Live to Tell" introduced a new side of Madonna – a moody, confessional ballad, with an unconventional structure and a haunting lyric about a woman living with traumatic secrets she has to hide. "Live to Tell" was unlike anything else she'd written; she composed the lyrics to co-writer Patrick Leonard's track quickly and recorded the vocal in one take. The unorthodox song seemed like commercial suicide when it was released as the lead single from True Blue. But all her risks were validated when it became her third Number One hit. Fans had different interpretations of the chorus: "Hope I live to tell the secret I have learned/ Till then it will burn inside of me." Was it about a breakup? Some kind of sexual abuse? But Madonna wasn't telling. "I could say that 'Live to Tell' was about my childhood, my relationship with my parents, my father and my stepmother. But maybe not. It could be about something in an F. Scott Fitzgerald novel or a story that I heard once. It's true, but it's not necessarily autobiographical." 6 “Hung Up” (from ‘Confessions on a Dance Floor,’ 2005) madonna, madonna greatest hits, madonna rolling stone, madonna best songs, madonna 80s, madonna 90s PHOTOFEST "My first album was a total aerobics record," Madonna declared in 1985. "I make records with aerobics in mind." Twenty years later, she was still on top of the aerobics-disco game – "Hung Up" remains one of her most seductive and surprising hits, a pure-energy workout coming long after the point where most people had begun expecting her to coast. Like the rest of her 2005 album, Confessions on a Dance Floor, "Hung Up" was recorded in the two-room London apartment of producer Stuart Price, reviving the stripped-down electro-sleaze momentum of her earliest records. For the coup de grâce, "Hung Up" samples a long-forgotten synth hook from deep in the ABBA catalog – their 1979 Eurodisco cashin, "Gimme! Gimme! Gimme! (A Man After Midnight)." Her voice gets looped until she sounds like an out-of-breath party commando. "Time goes by so slowly," Madonna chants over the spedup ticking-clock sound effects – but the whole song is a dance-floor time warp. 5 “Like a Virgin” (from ‘Like a Virgin,’ 1984) madonna, madonna greatest hits, madonna rolling stone, madonna best songs, madonna 80s, madonna 90s PHOTOFEST Even if the word "virgin" is the only sexual reference in the lyrics, "Like a Virgin" still sounds saturated in lust – it's all in the way Madonna sings it over that Nile Rodgers funk throb. The song was written by Billy Steinberg and Tom Kelly, who were told they might have to change the title to get it recorded. But Madonna loved it. ("They're so geeky, they're cool," she said of the lyrics.) She gave "Like a Virgin" a memorable debut at the 1984 MTV Video Music Awards, a moment as indelible as the Beatles on Ed Sullivan – the song is forever linked with the image of Madonna, in a wedding gown, brazenly humping the stage. "I was surprised with how people reacted to 'Like a Virgin,'" Madonna told Rolling Stone in 1987, perhaps a tad disingenuously. "Because when I did the song, to me, I was singing about how something made me feel a certain way – brand-new and fresh – and everyone else interpreted it as, 'I don't want to be a virgin anymore. F** my brains out!' That's not what I sang at all." 4 “Borderline” (from ‘Madonna,’ 1983) madonna, madonna greatest hits, madonna rolling stone, madonna best songs, madonna 80s, madonna 90s PHOTOFEST In March 1984, Madonna went with producer Nile Rodgers to see Duran Duran at Madison Square Garden, where she sat in the audience unrecognized. A few months later, she was headlining. "Borderline" was the reason why – the breakthrough hit propelled her from urban-radio contender to pop queen. She made "Borderline" with R&B writer-producer Reggie Lucas while she was apartment-sitting for artist Jean-Michel Basquiat. Lucas, a jazz cat who played guitar on Miles Davis' Dark Magus, wasn't fazed by Madonna's boho-punk style. "She wasn't the weirdest person I'd ever met, you know?" he said. "I'd worked with Sun Ra! So after hanging out with the Heliocentric Worlds of Sun Ra, Madonna didn't seem particularly avant-garde." "Borderline" mixed up various styles of downtown cool to become Madonna's first Top 10 hit, and its video (an interracial love story filmed in Los Angeles) offered MTV viewers a key lesson in early-Madonna style. For a nightly highlight of her 2008 tour, Madonna picked up an electric guitar to crash out a punk rock version. 3 “Vogue” (from ‘I’m Breathless,’ 1990) madonna, madonna greatest hits, madonna rolling stone, madonna best songs, madonna 80s, madonna 90s PHOTOFEST When the late Lauren Bacall died in 2014, it was a sad day for Madonna fans – Bacall was the last surviving star name-checked in "Vogue." The 1990 smash is Madonna's most audacious manifesto, a roll call of old-school Hollywood glam with lavish house beats that went to Number One in over a dozen countries. She celebrates the politics of dancing, where anyone can become a star just by striking a pose, because "beauty's where you find it." "Vogue" pays tribute to New York's gay ball culture (later famed around the world via the classic 1991 documentary Paris Is Burning). As she told Rolling Stone years later, "I was going to Sound Factory and checking out these dancers who were all doing this new style of dancing called 'voguing.' And Shep Pettibone, who co-produced 'Vogue' with me, used to DJ there." She didn't soft-pedal the political provocation of such an explicitly pro-queer song in the Reagan-Bush "Silence = Death" years – that autumn she turned "Vogue" into a Rock the Vote ad, with new lyrics: "Dr. King, Malcolm X, freedom of speech is as good as sex." 2 “Into the Groove” (Non-album single, 1985) madonna, madonna greatest hits, madonna rolling stone, madonna best songs, madonna 80s, madonna 90s PHOTOFEST "Into the Groove" is the streetwise beatbox anthem Madonna kept trying to write when she was down and out in New York, the days when she squatted and ate out of garbage cans. As she explained in 1985, "It was the garbage can in the Music Building on Eighth Avenue, where I lived with Steve Bray, the guy I write songs with. He's Useful Male #2 or #3, depending on which article you read." Madonna and Bray – the ex-drummer in her punk band – knocked off "Into the Groove" as an eight-track demo. (Bray later said he came up with the "rib cage" and "skeleton" of the music, with Madonna writing lyrics and adding her own touches – in this case, the song's bridge.) Her movie Desperately Seeking Susan used it for the scene where Madonna hits Danceteria, but then it unexpectedly blew up on the radio. It still sounds like a low-budget demo – those breakbeats, the desperate edge in her voice when she drones, "Now I know you're mine" – but that raw power is what makes it her definitive you-can-dance track. "Into the Groove" has ruled the radio ever since. 1 “Like a Prayer” (from ‘Like a Prayer,’ 1989) madonna, madonna greatest hits, madonna rolling stone, madonna best songs, madonna 80s, madonna 90s PHOTOFEST Ever since her early days, Madonna has been obsessed with the taboo connection between sex and spirituality. She tapped into that idea for her greatest song, the 1989 gospel-disco smash "Like a Prayer." When Madonna testifies, "I'm down on my knees/I wanna take you there," she could be singing about praying or oral sex or – most likely – both. As she told Rolling Stone at the time, "I pray when I'm in trouble or when I'm happy. When I feel any kind of extreme." It wouldn't be Madonna's style to drop such a personal song without a huge scandal to go with it. But even by her standards, "Like a Prayer" stirred up some controversy. The song debuted as a soft-drink ad – except the entire ad campaign was instantly torpedoed once the world got a look at the video. It's a cleavage-and-blasphemy co*cktail where Madonna visits a Catholic church, has hot sex with a black-saint statue, dances in front of burning crosses and experiences stigmata. Yet somehow, the video is nowhere near as shocking as the song itself – all of Madonna's musical and emotional extremes, packed into five roof-shaking minutes.

  • Condition: Neu
  • Type: Coin
  • Autographed: Yes
  • Artists/Groups: Madonna
  • Original/Reproduction: Original
  • Country/Region of Manufacture: United States

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